Guiding Principles to Ensure Injection Device Security. WHO (2003)

Guiding Principles to Ensure Injection Device Security. WHO (2003) Injections are the most common health care procedure worldwide. In developing and transitional countries alone, some 16 thousand million injections are administered each year.1 Most injections, more than 90%, are given for therapeutic purposes while 5 to 10% are given for preventive services, including immunization and family planning. The majority of therapeutic injections in developing and transitional countries are unnecessary.

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HIV Knowledge and Risk Behaviors among Pakistani and Afghani Drug Users in Quetta Pakistan. Zafar T, Brahmbhatt H, Imam G, et al (2003)

HIV Knowledge and Risk Behaviors among Pakistani and Afghani Drug Users in Quetta Pakistan. Zafar T, Brahmbhatt H, Imam G, et al (2003) Situated on the Pakistan-Afghan border, Quetta is home to growing numbers of Afghan refugees. We studied HIV knowledge and risk behaviors among Pakistani and Afghani drug users between July 2001 and November 2001.

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HIV Prevention and Care for Injection Drug Users. FHI-Impact and USAID (2003)

HIV Prevention and Care for Injection Drug Users. Impact, FHI and USAID (2003) HIV incidence continues to rise among injection drug users (IDUs). Injection drug use accounts for only 5 percent to 10 percent of cumulative HIV infections globally, but in some parts of the world it is the major mode of trans- mission. It is estimated that in China, Malaysia, and Vietnam, at least half of HIV infections are associated with drug injection. In parts of Central and Eastern Europe and the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union, we have observed a rapid spread of HIV among IDUs.

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Manual for Reducing Drug Related Harm in Asia. The Centre for Harm Reduction, Burnet Institute, Asian Harm Reduction Network, et al (2003)

Manual for Reducing Drug Related Harm in Asia. The Centre for Harm Reduction, Burnet Institute, Asian Harm Reduction Network, et al (2003) OF ALL the epidemics of HIV (the ‘AIDS virus’) among the different groups in the community whose behaviours put them at risk, none is more rapid or devastating than epidemics among people who inject drugs. But at the same time, nowhere in the field of AIDS prevention are there such dazzling success stories than with prevention of HIV among injecting drug users.

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Preventing HIV/AIDS among Drug Users Case Studies from Asia. UNAIDS AHRN and UNODC (2003)

Preventing HIV/AIDS among Drug Users Case Studies from Asia. UNAIDS AHRN and UNODC (2003) In 1997 the Task Force on Drug Use and HIV Vulnerability commenced its operation in Bangkok. It immediately identified the lack of information concerning HIV/AIDS among drug users in the Asia region across three broad thematic areas: insufficient epidemiological data; limited knowledge within the region on policies related to drug use and HIV/AIDS; and, inadequate documentation and dissemination of good interventions. Subsequent to these observations, UN organisations and their partners have undertaken much work in order to fill this vacuum.


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Reaching IDUs through Drop-In Centers and the “ECHO” Peer Education Model, Viet Nam. FHI (2003)

Reaching IDUs through Drop-In Centers and the “ECHO” Peer Education Model, Viet Nam. FHI (2003) Even though the majority of HIV positive people in Viet Nam are injecting drug users (IDUs), not many pro- grams commit to working with them on a large scale.

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Summary Document of Young People's Participation at the 14th International Conference on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm, Chiang Mai, Thailand. UNICEF (2003)

Summary Document of Young People's Participation at the 14th International Conference on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm, Chiang Mai, Thailand. UNICEF (2003) The 14th International Conference on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm was held in Chiang Mai, Thailand from 6 - 10 April 2003. The theme of the conference was "Strengthening Partnerships for a Safer Future." UNICEF, along with a number of other UN agencies, international organizations, donor organizations and international non-government organizations, was a prime sponsor of this event.

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Treatment and Care for Drug Users Living with HIV/AIDS. Oppenheimer E, Aceijas CH and Stimson G (2003)

Treatment and Care for Drug Users Living with HIV/AIDS. Oppenheimer E, Aceijas CH and Stimson G (2003) This report has been prepared in October-April 2004 by the Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviours at Imperial College on behalf of the UN Reference on HIV/AIDS prevention and care among IDUs in developing and transitional countries. Its purpose is to examine the extent to which the international community’s commitment to adequate and equitable care for those with HIV/AIDS has been translated into action in developing and transitional countries particularly when applied to injecting drug users1. The provision of effective treatment and care for all people with HIV/AIDS is now accepted as an integral component of a comprehensive and expanded response to the epidemic. All member states of the United Nations and partner international agencies are committed to reducing the gap between developed and developing countries and making treatment and care available to all who require it.

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Behavioral and Sero Prevalence Survey among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in Kathmandu. New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, FHI, et al (2002)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

HIV transmission among drug users is typically associated with injecting drug users who oftentimes share needles or syringes. Risky behavior has been defined here as needle sharing behaviors, unprotected sex with various partners or sex workers. Risky sexual behavior associated with the drug use also contributes to spread HIV.

 

 

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Injecting and Sexual Behaviors of Male Injecting Drug Users in Kathmandu Valley. Center for Research on Environment Health & Population Activities and FHI (2002)

Injecting and Sexual Behaviors of Male Injecting Drug Users in Kathmandu Valley. Center for Research on Environment Health & Population Activities and FHI (2002) HIV/AIDS has emerged as a prominent health and social concern in Nepal. The recent upsurge of HIV prevalence among IDUs is alarming. Networking and injecting behaviors of IDUs in the Katmandu valley are already identified as very risky but their sexual behavior remains largely unexplored. The study was carried out to obtain detailed and in-depth information about sexual behavior male IDUs in Kathmandu Valley.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-young-peoples-participation-in-community-based-responses-to-hiv_2019.pdf
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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_GAP_progress_report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HRI-women-harm-reduction-2018.pdf
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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/ESCAP_Asia_and_the_Pacific_SDG_Progress_Report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guideline_on_digital_interventions_for_health_system_strengthening_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Progress_report_on_HIV_viral_hepatitis_and_STI_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV_UHC_Guide_Civil_Society_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_Annual_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV-related-travel-restrictions-explainer_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HIV-and-the-Law-supplement-2018.pdf
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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Global_TB_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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