Policy Brief: Antiretroviral Therapy and Injecting Drug Users. WHO, UNODC and UNAIDS. (2005)

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This policy brief reviews the evidence to date on providing antiretroviral (ARV) therapy to HIV-positive injecting drug users. A number of related medical, psychological and social issues are also addressed including the need to manage drug interactions and the benefi t of harm reduction interventions in supporting optimum care for HIV-positive injecting drug users.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, IDU, ARV, treatment, prison

 

 

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Advocacy Guide: HIV/AIDS Prevention among Injecting Drug Users. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Advocacy Guide: HIV/AIDS Prevention among Injecting Drug Users. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) The World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) developed this guide jointly based on a wealth of experiences by individuals, institutions and nongovernmental and international organizations on the role of advocacy in establishing HIV/AIDS prevention and care programmes for injecting drug users (IDUs).

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Availability of ARV for Injecting Drug Users: Key Facts. Coalition ARV4IDUs (2004)

Availability of ARV for Injecting Drug Users: Key Facts. ARV4IDUs (2004) While exact figures are difficult to obtain, recent estimates suggest that there are over 13 million injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide. More than ten million of these live in the developing world.

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Capacity Building in Peer Education for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS, Substance Abuse and Drug Related Harm. UNICEF and Yayasan Kita (2004)

Capacity Building in Peer Education for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS, Substance Abuse and Drug Related Harm. UNICEF and Yayasan Kita (2004) The following report was developed as a contracted activity on behalf of UNICEF. The period of performance was 1 –15 August 2004. A draft report was presented on 13 August 2004 and this final report was submitted on 15 August 2004. The report introduction will provide a brief summary of the project on which this report is focused, as well as an overview of this specific assignment.

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Effectiveness of Sterile Needle and Syringe Programming in Reducing HIV/AIDS among IDUs. WHO (2004)

Effectiveness of Sterile Needle and Syringe Programming in Reducing HIV/AIDS among IDUs. WHO (2004) The global environment for a response to HIV has shifted substantially towards a massive scaling up of prevention, treatment and care interventions. In particular, the world made an unprecedented commitment during the United Nations Special Session on HIV/AIDS in 2001 to halt- ing and reversing the epidemic by 2015. In support of this, additional resources to fund an expanded response have been come available through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

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Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment: Mission Report Indonesia. WHO (2004)

Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment: Mission Report Indonesia. WHO (2004) Recently, Indonesia has adopted an ambitious target of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) to at least 10 000 people by the end of 2005. As of January 2004, of an estimated 15 000 people who were in need of ART, only 1300 persons were receiving the treatment. The intermediate target for 2005 is in line with the global WHO and UNAIDS "3 by 5" initiative. The initiative aims to provide three million people in developing countries (out of six million in need globally) access to ART by the end of 2005. The ultimate goal of the initiative is to provide universal access.

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Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision. National AIDS Control Programme Pakistan and Futures Group (2004)

Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision. National AIDS Control Programme Pakistan and Futures Group (2004) The HIV/AIDS Prevention Drug Harm Reduction Programme (HAPDHRP) is a strong step towards reaching out to the vulnerable and marginalised population of drug users, however, it needs to be further strengthened by developing standard protocols and guidelines for communication and other services that are being provided.

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HIV Prevention among Young Injecting Drug Users. UNODC and Global Youth Network (2004)

HIV Prevention among Young Injecting Drug Users. UNODC and Global Youth Network (2004) The global HIV/AIDS epidemic killed more than 3 million people in 2003, and an estimated 5 million acquired the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—bringing to 40 million the number of people living with the virus around the world.

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Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights. Human Rights Watch (2004)

Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights. Human Rights Watch (2004) A violent state-sponsored “war on drugs” is jeopardizing Thailand's long struggle to become one of Southeast Asia's leading rights-respecting democracies. Officially launched in February 2003, the government crackdown has resulted in the unexplained killing of more than 2,000 persons, the arbitrary arrest or blacklisting of several thousand more, and the endorsement of extreme violence by government officials at the highest levels. In the process, Thailand’s fight against human immunodefiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), for which it has received international praise, has been severely undermined by a climate of fear that has driven injection drug users, in particular, underground.

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Policy Brief: Provision of Sterile Injecting Equipment to Reduce HIV Transmission. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Provision of Sterile Injecting Equipment to Reduce HIV Transmission. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) The provision of access to sterile injection equipment for injecting drug users and the encouragement of its use are essential components of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes, and should be seen as a part of overall comprehensive strategies to reduce the demand for illicit drugs. The equipment is provided through a great variety of approaches categorized as needle and syringe programmes, the goals of which are that drug users have their own sterile injecting equipment and do not share it with others, that the circulation time of used needles and syringes is reduced and that used equipment is disposed of safely.

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