Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision. National AIDS Control Programme Pakistan and Futures Group (2004)

Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision. National AIDS Control Programme Pakistan and Futures Group (2004) The HIV/AIDS Prevention Drug Harm Reduction Programme (HAPDHRP) is a strong step towards reaching out to the vulnerable and marginalised population of drug users, however, it needs to be further strengthened by developing standard protocols and guidelines for communication and other services that are being provided.

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HIV Prevention among Young Injecting Drug Users. UNODC and Global Youth Network (2004)

HIV Prevention among Young Injecting Drug Users. UNODC and Global Youth Network (2004) The global HIV/AIDS epidemic killed more than 3 million people in 2003, and an estimated 5 million acquired the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—bringing to 40 million the number of people living with the virus around the world.

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Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights. Human Rights Watch (2004)

Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights. Human Rights Watch (2004) A violent state-sponsored “war on drugs” is jeopardizing Thailand's long struggle to become one of Southeast Asia's leading rights-respecting democracies. Officially launched in February 2003, the government crackdown has resulted in the unexplained killing of more than 2,000 persons, the arbitrary arrest or blacklisting of several thousand more, and the endorsement of extreme violence by government officials at the highest levels. In the process, Thailand’s fight against human immunodefiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), for which it has received international praise, has been severely undermined by a climate of fear that has driven injection drug users, in particular, underground.

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Policy Brief: Provision of Sterile Injecting Equipment to Reduce HIV Transmission. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Provision of Sterile Injecting Equipment to Reduce HIV Transmission. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) The provision of access to sterile injection equipment for injecting drug users and the encouragement of its use are essential components of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes, and should be seen as a part of overall comprehensive strategies to reduce the demand for illicit drugs. The equipment is provided through a great variety of approaches categorized as needle and syringe programmes, the goals of which are that drug users have their own sterile injecting equipment and do not share it with others, that the circulation time of used needles and syringes is reduced and that used equipment is disposed of safely.

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Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission through Drug-Dependence Treatment. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission through Drug-Dependence Treatment. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) Drug-dependence treatment aims at improving the health and quality of life of persons with drug dependence through achieving abstinence from drug consumption, reduction in morbidity and mortality caused by or related to high risk behaviors associated with drug consumption, and providing access to services and opportunities to achieve the highest possible level of physical, mental and social well-being.

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Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission through Outreach. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission through Outreach. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) In many countries, access to drug-dependence treatment and HIV/AIDS prevention and care services is limited for injecting drug users. Moreover, users of illicit drugs are commonly marginalized by communities and usually attempt to remain hidden from the authorities, especially law enforcement agencies. They also frequently avoid using institutional treatment and other services, either because they fear being registered as illicit drug users and prosecuted, or because they feel that the drug-dependence treatment on offer would not respond to their needs. Consequently, the drug users who could benefit most from HIV/AIDS prevention services and drug- dependence treatment are often the least likely to use these services.

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Rapid Situation Assessment of Malaysia 2004. Reid G, Kamarulzaman A and Sran SK (2004)

Rapid Situation Assessment of Malaysia 2004. Reid G, Kamarulzaman A and Sran SK (2004) the people. The government has implemented various strategies to tackle drug use with the current goal of achieving a drug free society by 2015. Yet, even with increasing draconian punishments imposed for drug use there was a substantial rise in both new and relapse drug user cases.

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Scaling up Provision of Anti-Retrovirals to IDUs and Non IDUs in Asia. International Harm Reduction Association, HO and Asian Harm Reduction Network (2004)

Scaling up Provision of Anti-Retrovirals to IDUs and Non IDUs in Asia. International Harm Reduction Association, HO and Asian Harm Reduction Network (2004) This report was prepared to support WHO efforts to introduce and scale up anti-retroviral therapy (ARV) according to the “WHO 3x5” initiative which is designed to provide three million people with ARV by the year 2005. The International Harm Reduction Association (IHRA) together with regional harm reduction networks was asked to recommend strategies for scaling up ARV to injecting drug users (IDU) and to identify the potential role of the harm reduction networks.

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Behavioral and Sero Prevalence Survey among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in Eastern Nepal. New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, FHI, et al (2003)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

HIV transmission among drug users is typically associated with those who share needles or syringes. Risky behavior has been defined here as needle sharing behaviors, unprotected sex with various partners and female sex workers.

 

 

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Estimation of Drug Users and Injecting Drug Users in Malaysia. Ministry of Health Malaysia, University Utara Malaysia and WHO (2003)

Estimation of Drug Users and Injecting Drug Users in Malaysia. Ministry of Health Malaysia, Universiti Utara Malaysia and WHO (2003) As other developing countries, Malaysia is also facing a plethora of social problems resulting from economic, developmental and societal growth. One of them is drug addiction, which has long being recognized as a serious problem at an epidemic proportion since the early 1970’s. Despite strict laws and penalties for drug use and trafficking, illicit drug use is high and continues to rise. The drug problem that was then considered as a social problem was redefined as a security problem in 1983, where specific laws were formulated to curb the epidemic. However, the number of drug users identified each year still increases.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-young-peoples-participation-in-community-based-responses-to-hiv_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNODC_factsheet_Ending_AIDS_by_2030_for_people_and_with_PUD_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_GAP_progress_report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HRI-women-harm-reduction-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Elective_C-section_should_not_be_routinely_recommended_to_WLHIV_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/ESCAP_Asia_and_the_Pacific_SDG_Progress_Report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guideline_on_digital_interventions_for_health_system_strengthening_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Progress_report_on_HIV_viral_hepatitis_and_STI_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV_UHC_Guide_Civil_Society_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_Annual_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV-related-travel-restrictions-explainer_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HIV-and-the-Law-supplement-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_IBBS_and_Population_size_estimates_among_FSW_2015.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Global_TB_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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