Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. UNODC, DFID and AusAID (2008)

Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. UNODC, DFID and AusAID (2008) Injecting drug use (opioids and pharmaceuticals) and HIV associated with injecting drug users (IDUs), has diffused rapidly in the South Asian region. Further, the sexual transmission of HIV from the IDUs to their non-injecting sexual partners has been established. Developing appropriate responses to this emerging problem requires a rapid situation and response assessment (RSRA) of drug users and their regular sexual partners.

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The Global State of Harm Reduction 2008 Mapping the Response to Drug-related HIV and Hepatitis C Epidemics. Cook C and Kanaef N (2008)

A Review of Strategies and Policies of the National Anti-Drugs Agency. Kaur S (2009)

The term ‘harm reduction’ refers to policies and programmes aimed at reducing the health, social and economic harms associated with the use of illicit and licit psychoactive substances. Harm reduction is entrenched in both public health and human rights rationales, and takes a pragmatic and non-judgemental approach to addressing the problems associated with drug use.


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The Hidden Truth: A Study of HIV Vulnerability, Risk Factors and Prevalence among Men Injecting Drugs and their Wives. Punjab AIDS Control Program and UNAIDS (2008)

The Hidden Truth: A Study of HIV Vulnerability, Risk Factors and Prevalence among Men Injecting Drugs and their Wives. Punjab AIDS Control Program and UNAIDS (2008) In Pakistan injecting drug use is recognized as the main driver of the HIV epidemic due to high levels of needle/syringe sharing and insufficient HIV prevention services. Previous studies have assessed IDUs as a “most at risk population”, and have missed the opportunity to understand the related risks and vulnerability of their families and communities.The “Hidden Truth” has revealed previously unrecognized risks and vulnerability of wives of injecting drug users (IDUs) in Pakistan.

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A Dialogue with Injection Drug Users: Their Perspectives on Behavior Change for HIV Prevention. FHI, USAID and Vietnamese and Americans in Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS (2007)

A Dialogue with Injection Drug Users: Their Perspectives on Behavior Change for HIV Prevention. USAID, FHI and Vietnamese and Americans in Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS (2007) The 2005-2006 Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey suggested that high-risk behaviors persist among injection drug users (IDUs) and that HIV prevention programs in some areas were limited in reach. Key areas identified by IBBS as needing improvement included

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Association between Expatriation and HIV Awareness and Knowledge among Injecting Drug Users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Former Refugees to Those Remaining During Conflict. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007)

Association between Expatriation and HIV Awareness and Knowledge among Injecting Drug Users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Former Refugees to Those Remaining During Conflict. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007)

Little is known about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) awareness among Afghan injecting drug users (IDUs), many of whom initiated injecting as refugees. We explored whether differences in HIV awareness and knowledge exist between Afghan IDUs who were refugees compared to those never having left Afghanistan.


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Deadly Denial: Barriers to HIV/AIDS Treatment for People who Use Drugs in Thailand. Human Rights Watch and Thai AIDS Treatment Action Group (2007)

Deadly Denial: Barriers to HIV/AIDS Treatment for People who Use Drugs in Thailand. Human Rights Watch and Thai AIDS Treatment Action Group (2007) Thailand is one of the few developing countries to have successfully curbed a runaway HIV/AIDS epidemic, cutting the number of new infections by almost 80 percent since 1991. Among injection drug users, however, prevalence has not dropped, and remains at nearly 50 percent—virtually unchanged over the past two decades.

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Differences in the Social Networks of Ethnic Vietnamese and Non-Vietnamese Injecting Drug Users and Their Implications for Blood-borne Virus Transmission. Aitken CK, Higgs P and Bowden S (2007)

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The social networks of 49 ethnic Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) and 150 IDUs of other ethnicities recruited in Melbourne, Australia, were examined for ethnic differences in distribution of hepatitis C virus infection risk using social network analysis and molecular epidemiology. Vietnamese IDUs were more highly connected than non-Vietnamese IDUs, and more likely to be members of dense injecting sub-networks.


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Handbook of Basic Principles and Promising Practices on Alternatives to Imprisonment. UNODC. (2007)

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The handbook has been written for criminal justice officials, non-governmental organizations, and members of the community who are working to reduce over-reliance on imprisonment; to improve the delivery of justice, including rehabilitation and reintegration; and to integrate international human rights-based standards and norms into local policies and practices.


Keywords: drug users, children, women, prisoner, human rights
 

 

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Harm Reduction in Asia: No More Time to Wait. Kamarulzaman, A (2007)

Harm Reduction in Asia: No More Time to Wait. Kamarulzaman, A (2007) Harm Reduction in Asia No More Time To Wait Adeeba Kamarulzaman Malaysian AIDS Council University Malaya Medical Centre

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HIV, Hepatitis C, and Hepatitis B Infections and Associated Risk Behavior in Injection Drug Users, Kabul, Afghanistan. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007)

HIV, Hepatitis C, and Hepatitis B Infections and Associated Risk Behavior in Injection Drug Users, Kabul, Afghanistan. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007) Limited prevalence data for HIV, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) exist for Afghanistan. We studied a cross-sectional sample of adult injection drug users (IDUs) in Kabul, Afghanistan, from June 2005 through June 2006. Study participants completed interviewer-administered questionnaires and underwent testing for HIV, antibody to HCV, and HBsAg

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