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The aim of this report was to describe the current state of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia and this was achieved through the analysis of data on young women aged 15-24 years from the four Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. Descriptive analyses of key areas of sexual and reproductive health; namely marriage and sexual behaviour, family planning and contraceptive use, adolescent pregnancy and motherhood, knowledge of HIV and AIDS, and the occurrence of symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs); allowed trends over a fifteen year period to be examined.
In the Asia Pacific region youth make up a sizeable portion of the population. Most of them are unmarried. To follow UNFPA, UNESCO and WHO's 2015 publication reviewing issues, policies and programmes on the sexual and reproductive health of young people in Asia and the Pacific UNFPA APRO commissioned a literature review of unmarried young people in this region. This report on the sexual and reproductive health of unmarried young people in Asia and the Pacific shows they are much more active than expected. We hope the report will encourage more thought, research and deliberation on what it is to be an unmarried young person in the region today.
The ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ Super-Fast- Track framework and action plan builds on remarkable success achieved between 2011 and 2015 in reducing the number of new HIV infections among children as well as increasing the number of children with HIV on treatment.
It provides a menu of policy and programmatic actions designed to enable countries and partners to close the remaining HIV prevention and treatment gap for children, adolescents young women, and expectant mothers.
Young people still face a serious array of development challenges, and their needs and aspirations are regularly overlooked. They are often victims of multiple and interlocked forms of discrimination and face significant barriers to full participation in public life – having adverse impacts on the economy, politics, peace and development at large. How this cohort of young people is supported and engaged will significantly determine the prospects of sustainable development and peace in the coming years.
Youth-GPS is a systematic response to the concerns young people have expressed in global, regional and national fora and the growing demand at all levels for cutting-edge and strategic support in youth programming in all development contexts.
Keywords: HIV, responses, gender, violence, human rights
The United Nations High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS (HLM) will take place on June 8–10, 2016 in New York City. The HLM aims to “undertake a comprehensive review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declarations on HIV/AIDS.” This important global convening will bring civil society organizations, people living with HIV, governments, and decision-makers together to renew the commitment and engagement of global leaders to accelerate a comprehensive universal and integrated response to HIV.
To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, specific—yet flexible—strategies are needed for different age groups, populations and geographical locations. Ending the epidemic among adolescents requires amplifying investments where they can make the most difference and fostering innovation by adolescents and youth themselves, as well as governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector.
Keywords: HIV, treatment, key populations, zero discrimination, children, adolescents
For millions of young people who use drugs from Asia and the Pacific, services that could improve their health, encourage recovery and bring about a better quality of life are often denied. Stigma, discriminatory laws and policies prevent many PWUDfrom accessing the benefits of harm reduction programmes.
Eliminating those barriers was the focus of “Access to Harm Reduction Services for Young People Who Inject Drugs in Asia and the Pacific”, a session held on 20 October as part of the 24th International Harm Reduction Conference (IHRC) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Youth LEAD ran the session, which was supported by UNESCO Bangkok.
Keywords: young people, needle/syringe, NSP and OST programmes, harm reduction services
The Asia-Pacific Intergovernmental Meeting (IGM) on AIDS, UNESCO, UNAIDS and UNFPA have released an infographic on creating an enabling legal and policy environment in Asia-Pacific for young people to access HIV testing and services.
The 10 Asia-Pacific countries profiled in the infographic have taken steps to enable young people under 18 to access testing without parental consent, applying different approaches.
Such policies and laws recognize adolescents’ evolving capacities to make decisions about their own health and well-being, and are part of comprehensive legislation guaranteeing young people’s right to the highest attainable standard of health.
Keywords: HIV, Asia-Pacific, young people, testing, health service
Global initiatives are urging countries to prioritize quality as a way of reinforcing human rights-based approaches to health. Yet evidence from both high- and low-income countries shows that services for adolescents are highly fragmented, poorly coordinated and uneven in quality. Pockets of excellent practice exist, but, overall, services need significant improvement and should be brought into conformity with existing guidelines.
The new Global Strategy aims to achieve the highest attainable standard of health for all women, children and adolescents, transform the future and ensure that every newborn, mother and child not only survives, but thrives. Updated through a process of collaboration with stakeholders led by WHO, the Strategy builds on the success of the 2010 Strategy and its Every Woman Every Child movement, which helped accelerate the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals and will act as a platform to put women, children and adolescents at the heart of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals.