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This report provides a snapshot of available data on injecting drug use among children and young people under the age of 18. It has three main aims:
In Asia Pacific, an estimated 230,000 children under 15 years of age were living with HIV in 2012, with approximately 25 percent of them receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). The paediatric HIV epidemic is entering the next phase of its evolution in the region, as children infected from birth enter adolescence and face new challenges. These adolescents living with HIV are now dealing with the complex social, economic, mental and developmental consequences of life-long HIV and ART. Having been infected before development of their immune systems and experienced in many cases sub-optimal ART options and formulations, they are facing the transition from complete dependence on their guardians to becoming their own caregivers.
|The 3rd National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS Response (2011-2015)ii provides the overall framework for the national response. The Strategic Plan is a roadmap to minimise the spread of HIV and the impact of AIDS on individuals, families, communities and society. Key principles that underpin the Strategic Plan include multi-sectorial engagement, stigma reduction, broad political commitment, civil society involvement, evidence-informed programming, prevention to care continuum, human rights, use of gender based approaches, partnership and a coordinated approach.|
In the Asia region, an increasing number of HIV infections occur among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. Unless effective HIV prevention strategies are implemented, the Commission on AIDS in Asia’s regional projections predict that about half (46%) of all new HIV infections in Asia will soon be among MSM, an increase of 13% from 2008. While inadequate HIV data exists on transgender women due to their limited inclusion in national HIV surveillance systems, studies that do exist show transgender women are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection.
Thailand fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.
Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls
This Sixth Stocktaking Report focuses on the response to HIV and AIDS among children in low- and middle-income countries.1 It is structured around the first and second decades of a child’s life, and has the following objectives:
• to review the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made in addressing it
Over 400 key legal and policy documents from 32 Asia-Pacific countries were analyzed for the report, making it the first systemic review of its kind in the region on this issue. Focus group discussions with young people were also undertaken to elicit their views and experiences in accessing SRH and HIV services, including on issues such as age of consent, age and marriage requirements for services, and attitudes of service providers.
John Godwin, the report’s author, said: “Our research found that restrictive laws can be a significant barrier to access to sexual and reproductive health services for young people – in terms of enjoyment of their health rights, the law has got a lot to do with it.”
“We found that very few countries have taken legal steps to clarify the health rights of young people, and this creates particular problems in the sensitive areas of HIV, sexual health and reproductive health.”
The report offers recommendations on steps that can be taken to address challenges keeping young people from accessing essential health and information services. These cover legal reforms, changes in law enforcement practices and the greater inclusion of young people’s voices in drafting policy related to SRH and HIV services.
To support the development of appropriate HIV prevention and protection efforts for young EWs (YEWs), UNICEF and FHI 360 conducted a formative assessment from May to October 2012. The study objectives were to:
The primary objective of this regional consultation was to introduce the YVC network and its members and to hear the voices of community people on the self-stigma in young MSM and TG groups in order to develop key recommendations targeting policy-makers and programmers on addressing these issues. The joint consultation brought together some 40 participants from 14 different countries/territories across Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Viet Nam met in Bangkok, Thailand.
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has a ‘latent’ HIV epidemic1, with rates of HIV estimated at just 0.2 per cent of the total population aged between 15-49 years of age. However, because of its location in the heart of the Mekong, surrounded by countries with high rates of HIV in concentrated epidemics3, Lao PDR is believed to be “in danger of an expanding epidemic”. More than 50 per cent of the population of Lao PDR is below the age of 20 and adolescents and young people engaged in high- risk behaviour for HIV are an emerging priority across Asia and the Pacific.
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