Endline HIV/AIDS Survey among Youth in Bangladesh, 2008. Khan SH, Rahman AS, Chakraborty N and Nasrin T (2011)


The AIDS epidemic claims over two million lives worldwide each year. Of particular concern are high rates of HIV infections among young people; 45% of all new infections among adults in 2007 occurred to those under the age of 25.Youth are particularly susceptible to HIV and other STIs for several reasons, including a lack of knowledge about sexual health, risky behavior, and low condom use. 



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Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from Early Adolescence to Young Adulthood. UNICEF, UNAIDS, UNESCO, et al (2011)

opportunity_in_crisis The past decade has held high hopes for reducing the rate of new HIV infections among young people. In 2000, world leaders adopted the Millennium Declaration, affirming their collective responsibility to ensure equitable development for all people, especially children and the most vulnerable, in the 21st century.

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The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Younger Adolescents: Research Issues in Developing Countries: Background Paper for a Consultation. Dixon-Mueller R. (2011)


This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. The review is organized around six interwoven processes that mark girls’ and boys’ passage through adolescence, with an emphasis on the early years.

Keywords: reproductive health services, sexual behavior, sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases - prevention and control, adolescent, developing countries

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The State of the World’s Children 2011: Adolescence an Age of Opportunity. UNICEF (2011)

The State of the World’s Children 2011: Adolescence an Age of Opportunity. UNICEF (2011) Adolescence is an age of opportunity for children, and a pivotal time for us to build on their development in the first decade of life, to help them navigate risks and vulnerabilities, and to set them on the path to fulfilling their potential.

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A Research Study on Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Young People in Pakistan. Wit J, Baig Q, Rehman S, et al (2010)

SRHR Report_2010

More than any other development issue, achieving good Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) is dependent on the recognition of specific human rights. It is not a matter of simple funding or providing education and health services. In Pakistan, human sexuality is the subject of strong ideology and moral views and traditions, often rightly or wrongly presented as part of religion. There is little known about the Sexual and Reproductive practices and behaviours of 12 – 18 year olds.

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Most at Risk Young People Survey Cambodia 2010. Ministry of Education Youth and Sport Cambodia (2010)

Most at Risk Young People Survey Cambodia 2010. Ministry of Education Youth and Sport Cambodia (2010) The 2010 Cambodia Most at Risk Young People Survey (MARYPS 2010) is a follow up of an earlier survey conducted in 2004 in Cambodia to obtain data on the situation, behaviors and sexual and reproductive health of most at risk young people (MARYP). The goal of the survey was to provide the policymakers and planners with reliable data on alcohol, drug and sex related behaviors and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services among MARYP.

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Young People Most at Risk of HIV. UNAIDS and FHI (2010)

Young People Most at Risk of HIV. UNAIDS and FHI (2010) This paper is designed to call more attention to young people within the groups considered “most at risk” for HIV—those who sell sex, those who inject drugs, and young men who have sex with men. Despite the growing attention that has been given to programming for these groups, little explicit focus has emerged on the particular needs of young people in these populations. At the same time, efforts to prevent HIV among young people have tended to focus on the general population of young people, for whom more is known about effective programming

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2009 Pacific Youth Festival – Safe Festival Evaluation Report. Saladoka J (2009)

2009 Pacific Youth Festival – Safe Festival Evaluation Report. Saladoka J (2009)

The development of the 2009 Pacific Youth Festival Safe Festival campaign primarily stemmed from lessons learned1 during the 1st Pacific Youth Festival–Safe Festival Campaign, which resulted in the following recommendations

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Desk Review of Programs for Most at Risk Young People in Six Pacific Countries – Cook Islands, FSM, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu & Samoa. O’Neill S, Tavola G and Kwarteng T (2009)

Desk Review_of_MARYP_in_6_PICs

Across the Pacific region, youth population between 10-­‐25 years of age represents about 56% of the pacific population of 9.5 million, with 37% under the age of 14 years. The region’s median age is 21 years. UNICEF, UNFPA and SPC jointly support 10 countries across the Pacific to deliver programs targeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. A 2007 Review of the Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) Program recommended specifically targeting vulnerable, marginalised and most at risk groups of young people.

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Second Generation Surveillance Surveys of Antenatal Women and Youth, Cook Islands 2005–2006. Te Marae Ora Ministry of Health - Cook Islands and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2009)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Cook Islands are located between French Polynesia and Fiji Islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Although widely dispersed, the islands can be categorized into two main clusters: the northern and southern groups. The southern group comprises nine islands and includes approximately 90 per cent of the total land mass. Most islands of the southern group have fertile soils and tropical vegetation, and this group includes Rarotonga, the largest and most populated island. The north group consists of six islands, primarily low lying coral atolls.



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