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Nepal is categorized as a country facing a concentrated HIV epidemic. The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) has estimated that there were 39,249 PLHIV in Nepal in 2014 with adult HIV prevalence of 0.20% (NCASC, 2014).The spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is concentrated among Key Affected Populations (KAPs) comprising of people who inject drugs (PWIDs), men who have sex with men (MSM), labor migrants and spouses, and Female Sex Workers (FSWs). The transmission of HIV is largely driven by KAPs and consequential health-risk behaviors. The Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey is a descriptive serial cross-sectional survey conducted to monitor trends in HIV and STI prevalence and to assess behavioral information from high-risk groups. Behavioral surveillance is the systematic and ongoing collection of data about risk behaviors related to disease and health conditions, with the purpose of correlating trends in behavior with changes in disease over time.
The document aims to portray the meaningful engagement of young people, particularly young key populations (YKP), in the NFM process in Indonesia manifesting their greater ability of advocacy, dialogues and technical inputs. Fokus Muda, the national forum of young key populations in Indonesia highly capitalized the essence of NFM broadly supported by the national stakeholders. They played integral role in the development of national strategic plan on HIV, engaged in numerous country dialogues organized by the Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) and civil society, formed coalition with the civil society, held numerous bi-lateral meetings with the technical partners and CCM members and provided inputs in the draft concept note of the Global Fund. The result was readily observed where the final concept note submitted by Indonesia to the Global Fund integrated the issues of some YKP, while inability to integrate remaining YKP became the global advocacy agenda to review and amend the modular template of the Global Fund concept note.
Keywords: Indonesia, HIV epidemic, YKP, AIDS Response, civil society
This National Human Development Report (NHDR) of Mongolia – the sixth in the series – focuses on youth. Through the medium of the human development approach, it analyses the opportunities, choices and challenges facing young people in Mongolia today. This approach places people at the centre of development. It concentrates on enlarging people’s opportunities and choices to live long, healthy and productive lives.
The JumpStart Rap App was used to assess the organisational capacity of five MSM and transgender networks and organisations in Southeast Asia. The findings indicate capacity gaps in all 11 organisational and programmatic components of the Rap App, although the five organisations vary widely in their reach, capacity and technical support needs.
The aim of this report was to describe the current state of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia and this was achieved through the analysis of data on young women aged 15-24 years from the four Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. Descriptive analyses of key areas of sexual and reproductive health; namely marriage and sexual behaviour, family planning and contraceptive use, adolescent pregnancy and motherhood, knowledge of HIV and AIDS, and the occurrence of symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs); allowed trends over a fifteen year period to be examined.
In the Asia Pacific region youth make up a sizeable portion of the population. Most of them are unmarried. To follow UNFPA, UNESCO and WHO's 2015 publication reviewing issues, policies and programmes on the sexual and reproductive health of young people in Asia and the Pacific UNFPA APRO commissioned a literature review of unmarried young people in this region. This report on the sexual and reproductive health of unmarried young people in Asia and the Pacific shows they are much more active than expected. We hope the report will encourage more thought, research and deliberation on what it is to be an unmarried young person in the region today.
The ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ Super-Fast- Track framework and action plan builds on remarkable success achieved between 2011 and 2015 in reducing the number of new HIV infections among children as well as increasing the number of children with HIV on treatment.
It provides a menu of policy and programmatic actions designed to enable countries and partners to close the remaining HIV prevention and treatment gap for children, adolescents young women, and expectant mothers.
Young people still face a serious array of development challenges, and their needs and aspirations are regularly overlooked. They are often victims of multiple and interlocked forms of discrimination and face significant barriers to full participation in public life – having adverse impacts on the economy, politics, peace and development at large. How this cohort of young people is supported and engaged will significantly determine the prospects of sustainable development and peace in the coming years.
Youth-GPS is a systematic response to the concerns young people have expressed in global, regional and national fora and the growing demand at all levels for cutting-edge and strategic support in youth programming in all development contexts.
Keywords: HIV, responses, gender, violence, human rights
The United Nations High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS (HLM) will take place on June 8–10, 2016 in New York City. The HLM aims to “undertake a comprehensive review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declarations on HIV/AIDS.” This important global convening will bring civil society organizations, people living with HIV, governments, and decision-makers together to renew the commitment and engagement of global leaders to accelerate a comprehensive universal and integrated response to HIV.
To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, specific—yet flexible—strategies are needed for different age groups, populations and geographical locations. Ending the epidemic among adolescents requires amplifying investments where they can make the most difference and fostering innovation by adolescents and youth themselves, as well as governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector.
Keywords: HIV, treatment, key populations, zero discrimination, children, adolescents