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The Global Strategy aimed to galvanize a broad, unprecedented and unified global movement to promote and protect the health and wellbeing of women and girls and to accelerate progress towards achievements of MDGs 4, 5 and 6. Under the umbrella of Every Woman Every Child, the Global Strategy sought to ensure unity of purpose and synergistic action among the diverse initiatives and organizations involved in the broader reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health agenda.
The report reveals that significant inequalities exist in low- and middle-income countries in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. The good health of women, infants and children is essential for sustainable development, and there is still much work to be done. Discussions will increasingly call into question how efforts to improve reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health can achieve early and accelerated progress among those who are falling behind.
This State of inequality report helps to focus the monitoring and reporting of health inequalities, and provides comprehensive information on the state of inequality in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health in low- and middle-income countries.
This report reflects the results of data for the calendar year 2013. For the first time since the 1990s, the number of new HIV infections among children in the 21 Global Plan priority countries1 in sub-Saharan Africa dropped to under 200 000 [170 000–230 000]. This represents a 43% decline in the number of new HIV infections among children in these 21 countries since 2009, providing reasons for optimism as the Global Plan pushes towards its 2015 goals of 90% reduction. However, there are also reasons for concern. Between 2012 and 2013 the pace of progress in reducing new HIV infections among children across the priority countries slowed substantially. While a number of countries made impressive gains, others stagnated or lost ground.
The 2014 Progress Report describes the evolution of the accountability work up to May 2014, and marks the end of the first phase of implementation. The report summarizes progress made globally and by countries towards implementing the Commission’s ten recommendations. It also presents lessons emerging from midterm reviews in selected countries. Progress in implementing the recommendations of the Commission presents a mixed but encouraging picture. There is an overwhelmingly positive response of countries to both the Commission’s recommendations and to the country accountability framework. Accountability and transparency are recognized by countries and donors alike as critical elements for reaching MDGs 4 and 5. In virtually all countries, actions that improve accountability for women’s and children’s health can be observed.
Approximately 660 children globally are estimated to acquire HIV every day, mostly during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. If pregnant women living with HIV and their children both have timely and continued access to antiretroviral medicines, it is possible to reduce new HIV infections among children to less than 5%. Furthermore, enrolment in services to prevent new HIV infections among children is increasingly being seen as an opportunity to enable women to access HIV treatment and care for their own health and well-being.
Slide presentation on gender-based violence prepared by AIDS Data Hub team
Keywords: FSW, MSW, Transgender, pregnant women, intimate partner
The biennial MDGs Gender Chart depicts the situation of women and girls in developing regions as reflected in a number of indicators that are used to monitor the MDGs. This is a special edition of the MDGs Gender Chart produced by the UN Statistics Division and UN Women, with contributions from other agencies, such as ILO, OECD, UNESCO’s Institute for Statistics and UNAIDS, for 58th session of the Commission on the status of women whose priority theme is Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals for women and girls. It shows that although there has been some progress in a number of the gender dimensions of the Goals, more needs to be done, in every country and at every level, to achieve the MDGs.
This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.
Keywords: Myanmar, Legal, PLHIV, Sex workers, MSM, Transgender, Women, Girls, Children, Young people, Key populations
In all regions of the world, children who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) — or otherwise perceived to have different sexualities or gender identities than the norm — often suffer discrimination, intimidation, harassment and violence. Similar patterns of human rights abuses can be found against children whose parents are perceived to be LGBT. Too often, when real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity does not conform to social norms, vulnerabilities increase. These include being exposed to discrimination at school, in hospitals, in sporting teams and in many other settings; to abandonment and rejection by family, community or society; to forced marriage; to hate motivated violence, including murder; and to increased health risks owing to lack of access to appropriate life-skills education and health services.
A nationwide situation analysis on orphans and vulnerable children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS was conducted in 30 townships from 13 States and Regions of Myanmar during June 2013 to May 2014. The study aimed to identify and highlight the situation faced by HIV-OVC around the country in order to provide accrete information to policy and decision makers and those responsible for the implementation of programs for affected children and their families.