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In interviewing dozens of children and young people, Human Rights Watch learned that these marriages result from a web of factors including poverty, lack of access to education, child labor, social pressures, and harmful practices. Cutting across all of these is entrenched gender inequality, and damaging social norms that make girls less valued than boys in Nepali society.
This study was conducted in Colombo, Ragama, Kandy, Galle, Anuradhapura, Kalubowila and Kalutara which are the main ART centers in the country. HIV clinic, Colombo is the main HIV clinic of the country which had been in existence since HIV care services started in Sri Lanka. All the other centers provide specialist services for PLHIV including ART. The principal investigators and other investigators are staff members having experience in the setting for more than five years. The data collecting of the study was commenced on 1st November 2014 and completed on 31st January 2015.
To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, specific—yet flexible—strategies are needed for different age groups, populations and geographical locations. Ending the epidemic among adolescents requires amplifying investments where they can make the most difference and fostering innovation by adolescents and youth themselves, as well as governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector.
Keywords: HIV, treatment, key populations, zero discrimination, children, adolescents
Every year around 8 million children die of preventable causes, and more than 350,000 women die from preventable complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. If we bridge the gaps detailed in this document, the gains will be enormous. Reaching the targets for MDG 4 (a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality) and MDG 5 (a three-quarters reduction in maternal mortality and universal access to reproductive health) would mean saving the lives of 4 million children and about 190,000 women in 2015 alone.
The new Global Strategy aims to achieve the highest attainable standard of health for all women, children and adolescents, transform the future and ensure that every newborn, mother and child not only survives, but thrives. Updated through a process of collaboration with stakeholders led by WHO, the Strategy builds on the success of the 2010 Strategy and its Every Woman Every Child movement, which helped accelerate the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals and will act as a platform to put women, children and adolescents at the heart of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals.
A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.
Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.
This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.
Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health
The Global Strategy aimed to galvanize a broad, unprecedented and unified global movement to promote and protect the health and wellbeing of women and girls and to accelerate progress towards achievements of MDGs 4, 5 and 6. Under the umbrella of Every Woman Every Child, the Global Strategy sought to ensure unity of purpose and synergistic action among the diverse initiatives and organizations involved in the broader reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health agenda.
The report reveals that significant inequalities exist in low- and middle-income countries in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. The good health of women, infants and children is essential for sustainable development, and there is still much work to be done. Discussions will increasingly call into question how efforts to improve reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health can achieve early and accelerated progress among those who are falling behind.
This State of inequality report helps to focus the monitoring and reporting of health inequalities, and provides comprehensive information on the state of inequality in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health in low- and middle-income countries.
This report reflects the results of data for the calendar year 2013. For the first time since the 1990s, the number of new HIV infections among children in the 21 Global Plan priority countries1 in sub-Saharan Africa dropped to under 200 000 [170 000–230 000]. This represents a 43% decline in the number of new HIV infections among children in these 21 countries since 2009, providing reasons for optimism as the Global Plan pushes towards its 2015 goals of 90% reduction. However, there are also reasons for concern. Between 2012 and 2013 the pace of progress in reducing new HIV infections among children across the priority countries slowed substantially. While a number of countries made impressive gains, others stagnated or lost ground.
The 2014 Progress Report describes the evolution of the accountability work up to May 2014, and marks the end of the first phase of implementation. The report summarizes progress made globally and by countries towards implementing the Commission’s ten recommendations. It also presents lessons emerging from midterm reviews in selected countries. Progress in implementing the recommendations of the Commission presents a mixed but encouraging picture. There is an overwhelmingly positive response of countries to both the Commission’s recommendations and to the country accountability framework. Accountability and transparency are recognized by countries and donors alike as critical elements for reaching MDGs 4 and 5. In virtually all countries, actions that improve accountability for women’s and children’s health can be observed.