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Intrepid Nepal (INPL) carried out this Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) with financial support from Save the Children International, Nepal. This is the first round of the IBBS Survey conducted among street involved children and youths in three districts in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). The first round of the survey was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HIV infections and to assess the sexual and/or injecting behaviors related to HIV among street involved children and youths in the Kathmandu Valley.
Nepal is categorized as a country facing a concentrated HIV epidemic. The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) has estimated that there were 39,249 PLHIV in Nepal in 2014 with adult HIV prevalence of 0.20% (NCASC, 2014).The spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is concentrated among Key Affected Populations (KAPs) comprising of people who inject drugs (PWIDs), men who have sex with men (MSM), labor migrants and spouses, and Female Sex Workers (FSWs). The transmission of HIV is largely driven by KAPs and consequential health-risk behaviors. The Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey is a descriptive serial cross-sectional survey conducted to monitor trends in HIV and STI prevalence and to assess behavioral information from high-risk groups. Behavioral surveillance is the systematic and ongoing collection of data about risk behaviors related to disease and health conditions, with the purpose of correlating trends in behavior with changes in disease over time.
This report lays out by country significant pieces of work that contribute to ending child marriage in eight countries of South Asia.
It starts with an overview of major regional initiatives, and then it covers government, UN and civil society/NGO initiatives by country. A final matrix identifies key strategies per initiative. A number of policies, key studies, and national plans are included as well for a better understanding of the legal foundation of child marriage and adolescent empowerment work.
Keywords: girls, adolescents, violence, rights, children
The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.
Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding
The ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ Super-Fast- Track framework and action plan builds on remarkable success achieved between 2011 and 2015 in reducing the number of new HIV infections among children as well as increasing the number of children with HIV on treatment.
It provides a menu of policy and programmatic actions designed to enable countries and partners to close the remaining HIV prevention and treatment gap for children, adolescents young women, and expectant mothers.
The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health is fully aligned with the Every Woman Every Child (EWEC) movement and the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health. We share a vision of a world in which every woman, child and adolescent in every setting realises their rights to physical and mental health and well-being, has social and economic opportunities and is able to participate fully in shaping prosperous and sustainable societies. Collectively, we have the knowledge, the tools, and the capability to achieve this vision. The multi-stakeholder platform created by the Partnership engages, aligns and holds accountable the efforts of all Partners so that together, we can fully harness our collective capability to achieve more than any individual Partner could do alone.
Keywords: women, children, adolescents, sexual and reproductive health, human rights
Every child has the right to health, education and protection, and every society has a stake in expanding children’s opportunities in life. Yet, around the world, millions of children are denied a fair chance for no reason other than the country, gender or circumstances into which they are born. The State of the World’s Children 2016 argues that progress for the most disadvantaged children is not only a moral, but also a strategic imperative. Stakeholders have a clear choice to make: invest in accelerated progress for the children being left behind, or face the consequences of a far more divided world by 2030. At the start of a new development agenda, the report concludes with a set of recommendations to help chart the course towards a more equitable world.
In interviewing dozens of children and young people, Human Rights Watch learned that these marriages result from a web of factors including poverty, lack of access to education, child labor, social pressures, and harmful practices. Cutting across all of these is entrenched gender inequality, and damaging social norms that make girls less valued than boys in Nepali society.
This study was conducted in Colombo, Ragama, Kandy, Galle, Anuradhapura, Kalubowila and Kalutara which are the main ART centers in the country. HIV clinic, Colombo is the main HIV clinic of the country which had been in existence since HIV care services started in Sri Lanka. All the other centers provide specialist services for PLHIV including ART. The principal investigators and other investigators are staff members having experience in the setting for more than five years. The data collecting of the study was commenced on 1st November 2014 and completed on 31st January 2015.
To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, specific—yet flexible—strategies are needed for different age groups, populations and geographical locations. Ending the epidemic among adolescents requires amplifying investments where they can make the most difference and fostering innovation by adolescents and youth themselves, as well as governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector.
Keywords: HIV, treatment, key populations, zero discrimination, children, adolescents