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Every year around 8 million children die of preventable causes, and more than 350,000 women die from preventable complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. If we bridge the gaps detailed in this document, the gains will be enormous. Reaching the targets for MDG 4 (a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality) and MDG 5 (a three-quarters reduction in maternal mortality and universal access to reproductive health) would mean saving the lives of 4 million children and about 190,000 women in 2015 alone.
The new Global Strategy aims to achieve the highest attainable standard of health for all women, children and adolescents, transform the future and ensure that every newborn, mother and child not only survives, but thrives. Updated through a process of collaboration with stakeholders led by WHO, the Strategy builds on the success of the 2010 Strategy and its Every Woman Every Child movement, which helped accelerate the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals and will act as a platform to put women, children and adolescents at the heart of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals.
A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.
Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.
This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.
Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health
The Global Strategy aimed to galvanize a broad, unprecedented and unified global movement to promote and protect the health and wellbeing of women and girls and to accelerate progress towards achievements of MDGs 4, 5 and 6. Under the umbrella of Every Woman Every Child, the Global Strategy sought to ensure unity of purpose and synergistic action among the diverse initiatives and organizations involved in the broader reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health agenda.
The report reveals that significant inequalities exist in low- and middle-income countries in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. The good health of women, infants and children is essential for sustainable development, and there is still much work to be done. Discussions will increasingly call into question how efforts to improve reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health can achieve early and accelerated progress among those who are falling behind.
This State of inequality report helps to focus the monitoring and reporting of health inequalities, and provides comprehensive information on the state of inequality in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health in low- and middle-income countries.
This report reflects the results of data for the calendar year 2013. For the first time since the 1990s, the number of new HIV infections among children in the 21 Global Plan priority countries1 in sub-Saharan Africa dropped to under 200 000 [170 000–230 000]. This represents a 43% decline in the number of new HIV infections among children in these 21 countries since 2009, providing reasons for optimism as the Global Plan pushes towards its 2015 goals of 90% reduction. However, there are also reasons for concern. Between 2012 and 2013 the pace of progress in reducing new HIV infections among children across the priority countries slowed substantially. While a number of countries made impressive gains, others stagnated or lost ground.
The 2014 Progress Report describes the evolution of the accountability work up to May 2014, and marks the end of the first phase of implementation. The report summarizes progress made globally and by countries towards implementing the Commission’s ten recommendations. It also presents lessons emerging from midterm reviews in selected countries. Progress in implementing the recommendations of the Commission presents a mixed but encouraging picture. There is an overwhelmingly positive response of countries to both the Commission’s recommendations and to the country accountability framework. Accountability and transparency are recognized by countries and donors alike as critical elements for reaching MDGs 4 and 5. In virtually all countries, actions that improve accountability for women’s and children’s health can be observed.
Approximately 660 children globally are estimated to acquire HIV every day, mostly during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. If pregnant women living with HIV and their children both have timely and continued access to antiretroviral medicines, it is possible to reduce new HIV infections among children to less than 5%. Furthermore, enrolment in services to prevent new HIV infections among children is increasingly being seen as an opportunity to enable women to access HIV treatment and care for their own health and well-being.
Slide presentation on gender-based violence prepared by AIDS Data Hub team
Keywords: FSW, MSW, Transgender, pregnant women, intimate partner
The biennial MDGs Gender Chart depicts the situation of women and girls in developing regions as reflected in a number of indicators that are used to monitor the MDGs. This is a special edition of the MDGs Gender Chart produced by the UN Statistics Division and UN Women, with contributions from other agencies, such as ILO, OECD, UNESCO’s Institute for Statistics and UNAIDS, for 58th session of the Commission on the status of women whose priority theme is Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals for women and girls. It shows that although there has been some progress in a number of the gender dimensions of the Goals, more needs to be done, in every country and at every level, to achieve the MDGs.