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This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.
Keywords: Myanmar, Legal, PLHIV, Sex workers, MSM, Transgender, Women, Girls, Children, Young people, Key populations
In all regions of the world, children who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) — or otherwise perceived to have different sexualities or gender identities than the norm — often suffer discrimination, intimidation, harassment and violence. Similar patterns of human rights abuses can be found against children whose parents are perceived to be LGBT. Too often, when real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity does not conform to social norms, vulnerabilities increase. These include being exposed to discrimination at school, in hospitals, in sporting teams and in many other settings; to abandonment and rejection by family, community or society; to forced marriage; to hate motivated violence, including murder; and to increased health risks owing to lack of access to appropriate life-skills education and health services.
A nationwide situation analysis on orphans and vulnerable children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS was conducted in 30 townships from 13 States and Regions of Myanmar during June 2013 to May 2014. The study aimed to identify and highlight the situation faced by HIV-OVC around the country in order to provide accrete information to policy and decision makers and those responsible for the implementation of programs for affected children and their families.
The report highlights how new ways of solving problems – often emerging from local communities and young people themselves – can help us overcome age-old inequities that prevent millions of children from surviving, thriving and making the most of their potential.
This guideline provides approaches to measure the burden of paediatric HIV according to country-specific HIV epidemic contexts. It does not attempt to be comprehensive enough to cover all the issues related to paediatric HIV surveillance. Rather, it serves as a general reference. As “how-to” guides for surveillance data analysis and data use/dissemination are already available, such components will not be addressed in this guide. The guide cites additional materials and resources for further information on paediatric HIV surveillance and includes country examples.
Much has changed in the decades since the first indicators of child well-being were presented. But the basic idea has not: Credible data about children’s situations are critical to the improvement of their lives – and indispensable to realizing the rights of every child.
Data continue to support advocacy and action on behalf of the world’s 2.2 billion children, providing governments with facts on which to base decisions and actions to improve children’s lives. And new ways of collecting and using data will help target investments and interventions to reach the most vulnerable children.
This Sixth Stocktaking Report focuses on the response to HIV and AIDS among children in low- and middle-income countries.1 It is structured around the first and second decades of a child’s life, and has the following objectives:
• to review the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made in addressing it
Child marriage is not only a violation of a girl’s rights; it also seriously compromises efforts to reduce gender-based violence, advance education, overcome poverty and improve health indicators for girls and women. In these just released policy and advocacy briefs, the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and its partners highlight the life-threatening situations girls in nine Southern Asian countries face on account of child marriage and recommend ways in which policymakers can prevent the practice.
The nine countries included in the briefs are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Child marriage is a human rights abuse. It constitutes a grave threat to young girls’ lives, health and future prospects. Marriage for girls can lead to complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, and in developing countries these are the main causes of death among 15–19 year-old girls. Girls who are married are also exposed to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. For a girl, marriage can mean the end of her education, can set aside her chances of a vocation or career, and can steal from her foundational life choices.
Keywords: human rights, laws, girls, health services, education
|Adolescence is an age of opportunity for children, and a pivotal time for us to build on their development in the first decade of life, to help them navigate risks and vulnerabilities, and to set them on the path to fulfilling their potential.
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