Thailand - Estimated Number of Adolescents Living with HIV 2013. All In to #EndAdolescentAIDS. (2015)

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Thailand fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.

 

Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls

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Towards an AIDS-Free Generation – Children and AIDS: Sixth Stocktaking Report, 2013. UNICEF. (2013)

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This Sixth Stocktaking Report focuses on the response to HIV and AIDS among children in low- and middle-income countries.1 It is structured around the first and second decades of a child’s life, and has the following objectives:

• to review the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made in addressing it
• to identify key strategies to accelerate access to HIV prevention, treatment, protection, care and support for children and adolescents
• to summarize opportunities arising from recent scientific advances, new technology and emerging practice innovations
• to mobilize national and international efforts to keep children HIV-free and ensure that those living with HIV remain AIDS-free.

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Young People and the Law in Asia and the Pacific: A Review of Laws and Policies Affecting Young People’s Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV Services. Godwin J. (2013)

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Over 400 key legal and policy documents from 32 Asia-Pacific countries were analyzed for the report, making it the first systemic review of its kind in the region on this issue. Focus group discussions with young people were also undertaken to elicit their views and experiences in accessing SRH and HIV services, including on issues such as age of consent, age and marriage requirements for services, and attitudes of service providers.

John Godwin, the report’s author, said: “Our research found that restrictive laws can be a significant barrier to access to sexual and reproductive health services for young people – in terms of enjoyment of their health rights, the law has got a lot to do with it.”

“We found that very few countries have taken legal steps to clarify the health rights of young people, and this creates particular problems in the sensitive areas of HIV, sexual health and reproductive health.”

The report offers recommendations on steps that can be taken to address challenges keeping young people from accessing essential health and information services. These cover legal reforms, changes in law enforcement practices and the greater inclusion of young people’s voices in drafting policy related to SRH and HIV services. 

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Examining Life Experiences and HIV Risks of Young Entertainment Workers in Four Cambodian Cities. Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport. (2012)

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To support the development of appropriate HIV prevention and protection efforts for young EWs (YEWs), UNICEF and FHI 360 conducted a formative assessment from May to October 2012. The study objectives were to:
    1.    Conduct a ‘situational’ analysis on young people (male, female and self-identified transgender individuals) engaged in transactional sex/sex work, including socioeconomic profiles; age and causes/ mechanisms of initiation into transactional sex/sex work, and any individual/multiple vulnerabilities by using existing data and supplementing it with the collection of qualitative data
    2.    Investigate viable alternatives to transactional sex/sex work from the perspective of younger and older EWs
    3.    Assess the situations of child bearing and rearing experiences of YEWs, and to determine the feasibility of a family-based approach
    4.    Assess the existence of an enabling environment for younger EWs compared to older EWs, particularly in terms of access to services, stigma and discrimination

 

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Meeting Report: Youth Voices Count 2nd Consultation on Self-stigma among Young Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People. UNDP, UNICEF, 7 Sisters, APCOM, et al. (2012)

YVC Consultation_Report_on_Self-stigma-1

The primary objective of this regional consultation was to introduce the YVC network and its members and to hear the voices of community people on the self-stigma in young MSM and TG groups in order to develop key recommendations targeting policy-makers and programmers on addressing these issues. The joint consultation brought together some 40 participants from 14 different countries/territories across Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Viet Nam met in Bangkok, Thailand.

 

 

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A Rapid Assessment Most-At-Risk Adolescents and Young People to HIV in Lao PDR. UNICEF and Ministry of Health Lao PDR (2011)

Rapid assessment_MARA_Young_people_Lao

The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has a ‘latent’ HIV epidemic1, with rates of HIV estimated at just 0.2 per cent of the total population aged between 15-49 years of age. However, because of its location in the heart of the Mekong, surrounded by countries with high rates of HIV in concentrated epidemics3, Lao PDR is believed to be “in danger of an expanding epidemic”. More than 50 per cent of the population of Lao PDR is below the age of 20 and adolescents and young people engaged in high- risk behaviour for HIV are an emerging priority across Asia and the Pacific.


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Concurrent Multiple Health Risk Behaviors among Adolescents in Luangnamtha Province, Lao PDR. Sychareun V, Thomsen S and Faxelid E (2011)

Concurrent Multiple Health Risk Behaviors among Adolescents in Luangnamtha Province, Lao PDR. Sychareun V, Thomsen S and Faxelid E (2011)

Multiple health risk behaviors (HRBs) among adolescents pose a threat to their health, including HIV/ AIDS. Health risk behaviors such as alcohol use, smoking, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors among youth have been shown to co-occur with each others. The objectives of this study was to estimate the prevalence of single and concurrent health risk behaviors and to explore how health risk behavior is associated with sociodemographic factors and peers’ behaviors.


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Endline HIV/AIDS Survey among Youth in Bangladesh, 2008. Khan SH, Rahman AS, Chakraborty N and Nasrin T (2011)

Endline2008

The AIDS epidemic claims over two million lives worldwide each year. Of particular concern are high rates of HIV infections among young people; 45% of all new infections among adults in 2007 occurred to those under the age of 25.Youth are particularly susceptible to HIV and other STIs for several reasons, including a lack of knowledge about sexual health, risky behavior, and low condom use. 

 

 

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Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from Early Adolescence to Young Adulthood. UNICEF, UNAIDS, UNESCO, et al (2011)

opportunity_in_crisis The past decade has held high hopes for reducing the rate of new HIV infections among young people. In 2000, world leaders adopted the Millennium Declaration, affirming their collective responsibility to ensure equitable development for all people, especially children and the most vulnerable, in the 21st century.

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The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Younger Adolescents: Research Issues in Developing Countries: Background Paper for a Consultation. Dixon-Mueller R. (2011)

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This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. The review is organized around six interwoven processes that mark girls’ and boys’ passage through adolescence, with an emphasis on the early years.


Keywords: reproductive health services, sexual behavior, sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases - prevention and control, adolescent, developing countries

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Fact_Sheets_Nov2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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