Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008) Abstract. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/ attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis

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National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS) 2006: Youth (15-24 Years). National Institute of Medical Statistics and National AIDS Control Organisation India (2008)

National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS) 2006: Youth (15-24 Years). National Institute of Medical Statistics and National AIDS Control Organisation (2008) In order to design evidence-based interventions among the young people, it is essential to understand the levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS, attitude and sexual behaviour of young people. Behavioural Surveillance Surveys (BSS) are internationally standardised tools used for understanding the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of populations. Undertaking BSS among Youth is an important effort by NACO and UNICEF to monitor changes in behavioural aspects of young people who are vulnerable to HIV infection. The aim of the study is to provide a baseline for the interventions among the young people supported by NACO and UNICEF. The study will be repeated periodically for trend analysis, which will indicate the impact of the interventions as well generate invaluable information about behaviour and life style of young people in the country.

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National Youth Survey 2008: Summary of Main Survey Findings. Merdeka Center for Opinion Research (2008)

National Youth Survey 2008: Summary of Main Survey Findings. Merdeka Center for Opinion Research (2008) The survey was conducted by Merdeka Center for Opinion Research through telephone interviews throughout Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak. A total of 2,518 respondents provided completed feedback using a structured questionnaire. Each respondent is defined as a youth aged 20 between 35 years old.

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Second Generation HIV Surveillance in Antenatal Clinic Attendees and Youth, Tonga, 2008. Ministry of Health Government of Tonga and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2008)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Tonga is a small island nation comprising a 169 islands with 4 main island groups with a population of 101, 991 people. Two thirds of the population reside on the main island of Tongatapu with 23% residing in urban areas. HIV prevalence in Tonga is very low with no HIV cases detected in antenatal women in the previous Second Generation Surveillance (SGS) survey conducted in 2004.

 

 

 

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Second Generation Surveillance of Antenatal Women, STI Clinic Clients and Youth, Vanuatu, 2008. Vanuatu Ministry of Health and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2008)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Vanuatu is comprised of a Y-shaped collection of 80 islands, 65 of these being inhabited. The country spans a distance of 1,100km from the Torres Islands in the far north to the barren Matthew and Hunter Islands in the south. The island republic is divided into six provinces named after the group of islands each province.

 

 

 

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Sexual Risk and Bridging Behaviors among Young People in Hai Phong, Vietnam. Duong CT, Nguyen TH, Hoang TTH, et al (2008)

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Transmission of HIV beyond the core risk groups (reservoirs) depends on the patterns of mixing between the core group and other members of the population (Anderson et al. 1991; Morris 1995). Young people play a critical bridging role for HIV transmission, as they usually have more sexual partners (Morris et al. 1996).


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Nepal Adolescent Health Fact Sheets: 2007. WHO (2007)

Nepal Adolescent Health Fact Sheets: 2007. WHO (2007) Young people (aged 10-24 years) of Nepal have been identified as one of the groups most vulnerable to the growing HIV/AIDS pandemic. The estimated HIV prevalence among youth (aged 15-24 years) was 0.17% in males and 0.18% in females by the end of 200118. Ever reported HIV/AIDS cases at testing centres indicate the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the 20-29-year age group.

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Responding to the HIV Prevention Needs of Adolescents and Young People in Asia: Towards (cost-) Effective Policies and Programmes. UNICEF, UNFPA and UNESCO (2007)

Responding to the HIV Prevention Needs of Adolescents and Young People in Asia: Towards (cost-) Effective Policies and Programmes. UNICEF, UNFPA and UNESCO (2007) The major recommendation of this paper is to strongly increase resources available for age- and gender- appropriate HIV prevention and support services for young people engaging in high risk behaviors: injecting drug users, young women and men involved in sex work and young men who have sex with men.

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Second Generation Surveillance Surveys of Sexual and Risk Behaviour among Youth in Tokelau. Peseta N and Merzench M. (2007)

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Second Generation HIV Surveillance (SGS) are aiming to develop and enhance existing surveillance system for sexually transmitted infections (STI), HIV/AIDS and behavioural surveillance systems. The outcome should be high quality epidemiological data to support the design and evaluation of interventions. The implementation of specific HIV programs such as the Second Generation Surveillance survey of risk behaviours, targeting all unmarried youths on each atoll is an initiative that can contribute to address issues related to sexual health for the young people of Tokelau.

 

Keywords: HIV, condom, MSM, STI, testing, drug

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Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youths in Malaysia. WHO (2007)

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From June to September 2003, Malaysia participated in a case study on adolescent sexual and reproductive health, in the form of a review of literature, studies and projects, initiated by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific. A total of 260 documents were reviewed, covering a wide range of concerns in the area of adolescent sexual and reproductive health.


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