Desk Review of Programs for Most at Risk Young People in Six Pacific Countries – Cook Islands, FSM, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu & Samoa. O’Neill S, Tavola G and Kwarteng T (2009)

Desk Review_of_MARYP_in_6_PICs

Across the Pacific region, youth population between 10-­‐25 years of age represents about 56% of the pacific population of 9.5 million, with 37% under the age of 14 years. The region’s median age is 21 years. UNICEF, UNFPA and SPC jointly support 10 countries across the Pacific to deliver programs targeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. A 2007 Review of the Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) Program recommended specifically targeting vulnerable, marginalised and most at risk groups of young people.


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Second Generation Surveillance Surveys of Antenatal Women and Youth, Cook Islands 2005–2006. Te Marae Ora Ministry of Health - Cook Islands and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2009)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Cook Islands are located between French Polynesia and Fiji Islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Although widely dispersed, the islands can be categorized into two main clusters: the northern and southern groups. The southern group comprises nine islands and includes approximately 90 per cent of the total land mass. Most islands of the southern group have fertile soils and tropical vegetation, and this group includes Rarotonga, the largest and most populated island. The north group consists of six islands, primarily low lying coral atolls.

 

 

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Young People’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviour on STI/HIV/AIDS in the Context of Nepal. Upreti D, Regmi P, Pant P, et al (2009)

Young People’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviour on STI/HIV/AIDS in the Context of Nepal. Upreti D, Regmi P, Pant P, et al (2009) Sexual and reproductive health of young people has become a major health problem in recent decades.
Recent and rapidly increasing Human Immune Defi ciency Virus (HIV) rates show an urgent need for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and HIV prevention interventions in Nepal.

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Behavioral Surveillance Survey 2008: Out of School Youth. National AIDS Programme Myanmar and WHO (2008)

Behavioral Surveillance Survey 2008: Out of School Youth. National AIDS Programme Myanmar and WHO (2008) In 2008, the National AIDS Programme (NAP) conducted behavioral surveillance survey in Yangon, Mandalay, Monywa, Meiktila and Lashio in order to assess trends of knowledge, attitude and practices among out-of-school youth (OSY) population. A two-stage cluster probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling method was used. Urban areas were chosen in major cities of Yangon, Mandalay, Lashio, Monywa and Lashio but periurban areas were chosen only in Yangon and Mandalay. A total of 6,954 OSY were interviewed and 4,955 OSY from urban and 1,999 OSY from rural areas were included in the survey.

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Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008) Abstract. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/ attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis

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National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS) 2006: Youth (15-24 Years). National Institute of Medical Statistics and National AIDS Control Organisation India (2008)

National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS) 2006: Youth (15-24 Years). National Institute of Medical Statistics and National AIDS Control Organisation (2008) In order to design evidence-based interventions among the young people, it is essential to understand the levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS, attitude and sexual behaviour of young people. Behavioural Surveillance Surveys (BSS) are internationally standardised tools used for understanding the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of populations. Undertaking BSS among Youth is an important effort by NACO and UNICEF to monitor changes in behavioural aspects of young people who are vulnerable to HIV infection. The aim of the study is to provide a baseline for the interventions among the young people supported by NACO and UNICEF. The study will be repeated periodically for trend analysis, which will indicate the impact of the interventions as well generate invaluable information about behaviour and life style of young people in the country.

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National Youth Survey 2008: Summary of Main Survey Findings. Merdeka Center for Opinion Research (2008)

National Youth Survey 2008: Summary of Main Survey Findings. Merdeka Center for Opinion Research (2008) The survey was conducted by Merdeka Center for Opinion Research through telephone interviews throughout Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak. A total of 2,518 respondents provided completed feedback using a structured questionnaire. Each respondent is defined as a youth aged 20 between 35 years old.

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Second Generation HIV Surveillance in Antenatal Clinic Attendees and Youth, Tonga, 2008. Ministry of Health Government of Tonga and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2008)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Tonga is a small island nation comprising a 169 islands with 4 main island groups with a population of 101, 991 people. Two thirds of the population reside on the main island of Tongatapu with 23% residing in urban areas. HIV prevalence in Tonga is very low with no HIV cases detected in antenatal women in the previous Second Generation Surveillance (SGS) survey conducted in 2004.

 

 

 

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Second Generation Surveillance of Antenatal Women, STI Clinic Clients and Youth, Vanuatu, 2008. Vanuatu Ministry of Health and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2008)

Lao PDR 2009 Surveillance Surveys: Behavioral Survey among Service Women and Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Men who have Sex with Men in Luang Prabang. Center for HIV/AIDS/STI Lao (2009)

Vanuatu is comprised of a Y-shaped collection of 80 islands, 65 of these being inhabited. The country spans a distance of 1,100km from the Torres Islands in the far north to the barren Matthew and Hunter Islands in the south. The island republic is divided into six provinces named after the group of islands each province.

 

 

 

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Sexual Risk and Bridging Behaviors among Young People in Hai Phong, Vietnam. Duong CT, Nguyen TH, Hoang TTH, et al (2008)

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Transmission of HIV beyond the core risk groups (reservoirs) depends on the patterns of mixing between the core group and other members of the population (Anderson et al. 1991; Morris 1995). Young people play a critical bridging role for HIV transmission, as they usually have more sexual partners (Morris et al. 1996).


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