HIV and Adolescents: Guidance for HIV Testing and Counselling and Care for Adolescents Living with HIV. WHO. (2013)

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Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents—especially girls—who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence.

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HIV and Adolescents: HIV Testing and Counselling, Treatment and Care for Adolescents Living with HIV: Policy Brief. WHO. (2013)

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Adolescents (10–19 years) continue to be vulnerable to HIV infection. All adolescents are vulnerable to HIV due to the physical and emotional transitions, and potentially heightened risk-taking behaviour, inherent to this period of life. This is particularly true for adolescents who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic—especially girls in sub-Saharan Africa who often face a higher risk of infection than boys—and/or adolescents who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use.

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India - Estimated Number of Adolescents Living with HIV 2013. All In to #EndAdolescentAIDS. (2015)

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India fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.

 

Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls

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Indonesia - Estimated Number of Adolescents Living with HIV 2013. All In to #EndAdolescentAIDS. (2015)

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Indonesia fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.

 

Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls

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Injecting Drug Use Among Under-18s: A Snapshot of Available Data. Barrett D, Hunt N and Stoicescu C. (2013)

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This report provides a snapshot of available data on injecting drug use among children and young people under the age of 18. It has three main aims:

  • To increase attention to an often-overlooked aspect of responses to HIV and other health harms associated with unsafe injecting.
  • To begin to understand the extent of the problem internationally, and how prevalence and patterns vary between regions and countries.
  • To identify gaps and limitations in data collection in order to begin filling them.
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Lost in Transitions: Current Issues Faced by Adolescents Living with HIV in Asia Pacific. UNICEF, UNESCO, TREAT ASIA and APN+. (2013)

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In Asia Pacific, an estimated 230,000 children under 15 years of age were living with HIV in 2012, with approximately 25 percent of them receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). The paediatric HIV epidemic is entering the next phase of its evolution in the region, as children infected from birth enter adolescence and face new challenges. These adolescents living with HIV are now dealing with the complex social, economic, mental and developmental consequences of life-long HIV and ART. Having been infected before development of their immune systems and experienced in many cases sub-optimal ART options and formulations, they are facing the transition from complete dependence on their guardians to becoming their own caregivers.

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National HIV Risk Reduction Strategy for Most At Risk and Especially Vulnerable Adolescents to HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh (2013–2015). National AIDS/STD Programme. (2013)

immage The 3rd National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS Response (2011-2015)ii provides the overall framework for the national response. The Strategic Plan is a roadmap to minimise the spread of HIV and the impact of AIDS on individuals, families, communities and society. Key principles that underpin the Strategic Plan include multi-sectorial engagement, stigma reduction, broad political commitment, civil society involvement, evidence-informed programming, prevention to care continuum, human rights, use of gender based approaches, partnership and a coordinated approach.
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Policy Brief: Self-stigma among Young Men who have Sex with Men and Young Transgender Women and the Linkages with HIV in Asia. UNDP, UNICEF, TS Hub, APCOM, et al. (2013)

YVC Policy_Brief_on_YMSM_and_TG_Self-stigma-1

In the Asia region, an increasing number of HIV infections occur among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. Unless effective HIV prevention strategies are implemented, the Commission on AIDS in Asia’s regional projections predict that about half (46%) of all new HIV infections in Asia will soon be among MSM, an increase of 13% from 2008. While inadequate HIV data exists on transgender women due to their limited inclusion in national HIV surveillance systems, studies that do exist show transgender women are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection.

 

 

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Thailand - Estimated Number of Adolescents Living with HIV 2013. All In to #EndAdolescentAIDS. (2015)

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Thailand fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.

 

Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls

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Towards an AIDS-Free Generation – Children and AIDS: Sixth Stocktaking Report, 2013. UNICEF. (2013)

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This Sixth Stocktaking Report focuses on the response to HIV and AIDS among children in low- and middle-income countries.1 It is structured around the first and second decades of a child’s life, and has the following objectives:

• to review the HIV burden among children and adolescents and the progress being made in addressing it
• to identify key strategies to accelerate access to HIV prevention, treatment, protection, care and support for children and adolescents
• to summarize opportunities arising from recent scientific advances, new technology and emerging practice innovations
• to mobilize national and international efforts to keep children HIV-free and ensure that those living with HIV remain AIDS-free.

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