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Breaking new ground: A municipal review of HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in Thimphu, Bhutan was conducted in 2014-2015 as part of the broader UNDP-led initiative that examined HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in seven South Asian cities. The review aims to inform and strengthen Thimphu's municipal HIV and rights responses for these vulnerable key populations. Government and community leaders were crucial to the review process as they provided valuable inputs that informed the recommendations.
This study intends to determine how well Sri Lanka has achieved the provision of universal access to appropriate HIV prevention, care, treatment and support for transgender people. It analyzes human rights situation for transgender persons; develop an evidence base on transgender people and HIV and identifies opportunities to strengthen capacity in providing broader and better responses for transgender people in relation to prevention, control, treatment and care of HIV/AIDS.
By Eamonn Murphy
The report prepared by UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub provides information on the HIV epidemic and response on transgender people in Asia and the Pacific.
A Snapshot of the Legal Environment on Same-Sex Sexual Acts and the Rights of Transgender and Intersex Persons in Asia and the Pacific is produced on the occasion of the 28th ILGA World Conference in Bangkok, Thailand. The Snapshot provides an overview of the legal environments in the Asia-Pacific region to inform the issues, challenges and opportunities regarding the rights of men who have sex with men and women who have sex with women, as well as transgender and intersex persons.
APCOM has launched a new MSM framework guide for effective HIV service programming at the 21st International AIDS Conference’s MSM Pre-Conference, Action + Access: Rights and Demands of Gay and Bisexual Men in the HIV Response, hosted by MSMGF on July 16 in Durban, South Africa. "Changing Gears: a guide to effective HIV service programming for gay men and other men who have sex with men in Asia", as the new framework is titled, aims to strengthen the on-going national and regional efforts to revive the HIV response for gay and bi men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Asian countries. The guide was developed with technical assistance from UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and serves as a resource to design or assess comprehensive HIV services for MSM in Asian cities, territories, regions or countries, incorporating recent innovations and the latest science on what works.
Programme and Facilitator Instructions
In Asia-Pacific countries, Abrahamic religions such as Islam and Christianity often condemn same-sex behaviour and gender non-conformity. This kind of stigma can and does create a sense of low self-esteem among men who have sex with men and transgender people. This, in turn, can prevent them from protecting themselves from the risks related to unsafe sexual behaviour as well as accessing available health services.
This discussion paper is APCOM’s knowledge product on coordinating an empowering response to such faith-based stigma and discrimination. A similar discussion paper focusing on Islam teaching has been released in 2013, and positively received and used by the community advocates.
Keywords: HIV, health services, MSM, transgender persons, community
CCHR's research, collected through 135 surveys conducted in April 2016 in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Preah Sihanouk and Battambang, reveals that transgender ("trans") women are subject to high levels of discrimination in the Kingdom of Cambodia ("Cambodia")'s urban centers, including verbal, physical and sexual harassment in public spaces, denial of employment opportunities and discriminatory arrests, detention and abuse by the police. While senior figures in the Royal Government of Cambodia (the "RGC") have been eager to present Cambodia as a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender ("LGBT") friendly country in recent years, this research suggests much harsher reality on the ground. The findings of this research indicate that the treatment of trans women requires immediate attention if Cambodia is to meet its international human rights obligations.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, violence, abuse, sex workers, stigma, human rights, law
Male-to-female transgender (TG) has been a neglected and hard-to-reach community, yet various overseas studies have shown that their HIV prevalence can be quite high. To better study the situation in Hong Kong, it has been included as one distinct at-risk populations in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS) since 2014.
Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, TG, sexual behaviours, testing, alcohol use
This is the first round of the IBBS survey conducted among men who have sex with men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) population in the selected eight districts of Terai Highway regions of Nepal. The objectives of the first round of the IBBS survey was to: a) determine the prevalence of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ TG, b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics, and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted from 5th June to 15th June 2016.