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Flat and/or reduced funding for HIV/AIDS and other global health issues threatens to roll back progress worldwide. There is belated and widespread acknowledgment of a prevention crisis that can only be addressed by taking today’s tools to scale while researching new ones. Given this backdrop, the report is a powerful advocacy tool. This year’s report notes troubling trends in investment flows for biomedical HIV prevention at a moment of major promise in the research landscape. The report tracks the origins, trends and direction of global funding as well as the resulting effect(s) on the prevention research funding landscape.
Not so long ago, most people had large families: five children, on average. Where once there was one global fertility rate, today there are many, with differences wider than at any point in human history. Family size, whether small or large, is intertwined with reproductive rights, which are tied to many other rights, such as those to health and education, adequate income, the freedom to make choices, and non-discrimination.
Keywords: fertility, women, children, human rights, education
The third phase of UNFPA’s Maternal and Newborn Health Thematic Fund (MHTF), from 2018 to 2022, lays out a roadmap for providing maternal and newborn health through a people-centered, human rights-based approach. Fully aligned to UNFPA’s Strategic Plan (2018-2021), the MHTF directly contributes to UNFPA’s transformative result of “ending preventable maternal deaths.”
For Phase III, the MHTF has broadened its scope to further contribute to achieve universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights, and accelerating progress towards the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action. Its focus on maternal health includes support to newborn health, which is explicitly reflected in Phase III as maternal and newborn health are indivisible.
Keywords: HIV, STIs, sexual and reproductive health, family planning, gender
Over the past decade, child marriage has continued to decline. Globally, the proportion of young women who were married as children decreased from 1 in 4 to about 1 in 5. It is now estimated that a total of 650 million girls and women alive today were married as children.
However, the current rate of decline in child marriage is not sufficient to meet the SDG target of ending child marriage by 2030. What's more, the reduction in child marriage has been uneven. While South Asia has led the way on reducing child marriage, the global burden is shifting to sub-Saharan Africa, where rates of progress need to be accelerated dramatically to reduce the prevalence and offset population growth.
This report presents the current status of UHC across PICs by reviewing key health service, finance and outcome indicators such as immunisation, access to improved drinking sources, current health expenditure and etc.
Keywords: UHC, health care, services
The overall objective of this report is to provide health care delivery system program managers with information on the level of availability of basic and essential services in health facilities and the extent of preparedness of the facilities to provide quality health services in each of the seven provinces of Nepal. Following release of the report of the 2015 Nepal Health Facility Survey, the Ministry of Health and Population identified the need to disaggregate the survey results at the province level to allow policymakers to better determine how best to allocate available resources among the provinces. This report is intended to help fill this objective.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, STIs, tuberculosis, health care, maternal care
The Overview of the Lao Health System Development 2009-2017 present a snapshot of the existing health system, highlighting the significant progress made over the past decade. The report serves as a foundation for WHO and partners to work with the Government to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. More efforts is needed to support the implementation of the priority health programme by improving access and financial protection for the hard-to-reach population, in leaving no one behind.
Keywords: UHC, TB, HIV, health system, reproductive health
The Lao Social Indicator Survey (LSIS) II provides a set of single national figure on social indicators. It combines the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Demographic and Health Survey modules to maximise government resources for a nationally representative sample survey. LSIS II follows the first LSIS I survey which was carried out in 2011-12 jointly by the Ministry of Health (MoH) and the Lao Statistics Bureau (LSB) of the Ministry of Planning and Investment in collaboration with other line ministries. The LSIS I provided baseline data for the 7th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) and the Millennium Development Goals.
This document captures the achievements from 2015-2017 of the Multi-Country Western Pacific Integrated HIV/TB Programme. The programme improved the coverage and quality of HIV/TB prevention, treatment and care in 11 countries: Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
AVAC's 2018 annual state of the field report, No Prevention, No End! looks at today's prevention crisis and offers context, analysis and strategy to turn that crisis around.
Keywords: HIV, PrEP, treatment, vaccine, prevention