HIV Transmission through Breastfeeding: A Review of Available Evidence. UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, et al (2004)

HIV Transmission through Breastfeeding: A Review of Available Evidence. UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, et al (2004) Exclusive breastfeeding – breastfeeding with no other food or drink, not even water – is the ideal mode of infant feeding for the first six months of life. For optimal growth, development and health, infants should be exclusively breastfed for their first six months, and should then receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods, while breastfeeding continues up to 24 months or beyond.

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Infant Feeding: A Compilation of Programmatic Evidence. USAID, UNICEF, Quality Assurance Project, et al (2004)

Infant Feeding: A Compilation of Programmatic Evidence. USAID, UNICEF, Quality Assurance Project, et al (2004) The United Nations-led process of updat- ing the 1998 international guidelines related to infant feeding and the preven- tion of maternal-to-child-transmission (pMTCT) of HIV called for a review of recent programmatic experience in addi- tion to a review of the new scientific and medical evidence. This document represents an attempt to compile and synthesise reports on a wide variety of relevant programmes conducted since the 1998 guidelines were issued. The programmes presented here range in scale from small community research projects to national programmes. This document is the prod- uct of a one-year collaboration between the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Quality Assurance Project (QAP), managed by University Research Co., LLC (URC). Valuable technical inputs were also received from the World Health Orga- nization (WHO) and many individuals and organisations directly involved in HIV and infant feeding programmes. This review brings together in one document a num- ber of important experiences and provides insights that were useful to those involved in updating international guidelines and those involved in adapting them to local settings. It should also serve as a valuable resource to those involved in developing or scaling-up pMTCT-related programmes in the future.

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Knowledge Attitude Behaviour Practices Study for Street Children in Karachi. Pakistan Voluntary Health and Nutrition Association (2004)

KABPS Study for Street Children in Karachi. Pakistan Voluntary Health and Nutrition Association (2004) The Knowledge Attitude Behaviour Practices [KABPs] Study for Street Children in Karachi was carried out on 503 respondents in the age group 10 – 24 years. Of these 495 were males and 8 were females. The maximum proportion of the children were between 13-16 years of age (32.61%). Largest proportion of the children were from Punjab (29.6%) followed by Bengalis (24.9%), Karachi (20.5%) and Pashtoons (10.1%). Most of the sample children had both parents alive (55.9%) and living together (92.8%) but quarrelling frequently with each other (67.5%). They had an average of six siblings each (86.2%) and were mostly second- or middle borners (60.4%).


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Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Other Vulnerable Children in Lao PDR. National Committee for the Control of AIDS Bureau Lao, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare and UNICEF (2004)

Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Other Vulnerable Children in Lao PDR. National Committee for the Control of AIDS Bureau Lao, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare and UNICEF (2004) The objectives of this assessment, developed in collaboration with the MoLSW and the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), are as follows:
  • To estimate the number of vulnerable children in the Lao PDR.
  • To better understand the situation and needs of vulnerable children and their families.
  • To investigate current mechanisms for formal and informal support.
  • To review the legal and policy framework for protecting the rights of vulnerable children.
  • To promote the development of integrated policies and strategies for support to community-based programs of care for vulnerable children.


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Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Other Vulnerable Children in Lao PDR. National Committee for the Control of AIDS Bureau Lao, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare and UNICEF (2004)

Orphans, Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Other Vulnerable Children in Lao PDR. National Committee for the Control of AIDS Bureau Lao, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare and UNICEF (2004) The objectives of this assessment, developed in collaboration with the MoLSW and the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), are as follows:
  • To estimate the number of vulnerable children in the Lao PDR.
  • To better understand the situation and needs of vulnerable children and their families.
  • To investigate current mechanisms for formal and informal support.
  • To review the legal and policy framework for protecting the rights of vulnerable children.
  • To promote the development of integrated policies and strategies for support to community-based programs of care for vulnerable children.


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Report of the Paediatric HIV Consultation. UNICEF (2004)

Report of the Paediatric HIV Consultation. UNICEF (2004) On October 20, 2004, 29 representatives from three countries and more than a dozen international and supranational organizations and hospitals attended the Consultation on Accelerating Support for Paediatric HIV Care, Support and Treatment in Thailand and Neighboring Countries within the Context of the 3 x 5 Initiative.

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Study to Guide Adaptation of Global WHO/UNICEF/UNAIDS Guidelines on HIV and Infant Feeding for Viet Nam. Almroth, S (2004)

Study to Guide Adaptation of Global WHO/UNICEF/UNAIDS Guidelines on HIV and Infant Feeding for Viet Nam. Almroth, S (2004) This research has been a collaborative effort where the Government, a non-governmental organization (NGO) and the UN joined hands, each adding their strengths. The Government represented by the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) played a coordinating role on the basis of their technical expertise in infant and young child feeding. The Centre for Community Research and Development (CCRD) was the NGO engaged because of their experience of and expertise in conducting community based research. UNICEF initiated the project and provided overall coordination and funding.

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The Social and Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Families with Adolescents and Children in Cambodia. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia, USAID and POLICY (2004)

The Social and Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Families with Adolescents and Children in Cambodia. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia, USAID and POLICY (2004) The HIV/AIDS epidemic is threatening the lives of families throughout the world and millions of children and adolescents have been orphaned or made vulnerable as a result. In Asia, Cambodia is one of three countries in which HIV/AIDS has become generalized throughout the population, leaving children and households among the hardest hit by the epidemic (UNAIDS, 2003). The National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD (NCHADS) estimates that 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS in 2003 (NCHADS, 2003); an amount approximately equal to 2.6 percent of the population between 15 and 49 years old (UNAIDS, 2003).


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The State of the World’s Children 2004. UNICEF (2004)

The State of the World’s Children 2004. UNICEF (2004) In the Millennium Declaration of September 2000, Member States of the United Nations made a most passionate commitment to address the crippling poverty and multiplying misery that grip many areas of the globe. “We will spare no effort,” they affirmed, “to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty, to which more than a billion of them are currently subjected

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UNICEF/WHO Technical Consultation: Improving Access to Appropriate Paediatric ARV Formulations. UNICEF and WHO (2004)

UNICEF/WHO Technical Consultation: Improving Access to Appropriate Paediatric ARV Formulations. UNICEF and WHO (2004) In 2003, more than 5 million people were newly infected with HIV – as many as 700,000 (13%) of them were children. Six hundred and thirty thousand (95%) of these new infections were caused through mother-to-child transmission, and 90% of the infected children live in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS case reporting is unreliable, however it is estimated that 500,000 children are currently in need of antiretroviral therapy (ARV) world wide. In 2003 some 490,000 child deaths under age 14 were due to AIDS, and an estimated 17% of all AIDS deaths were among children. There are 7 countries where AIDS accounts for more than 10% of the under five mortality.

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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Response_Progress_Reporting_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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