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This policy brief provides an overview of key findings, data and figures of the new consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations. In addition, it offers an overview of the comprehensive package on interventions and a table summarizing WHO recommendations concerning key populations.
Keywords: HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers, transgender, testing, treatment
This Prakas is aimed at regulating employers of entertainment service enterprises, establishments and companies to properly and comprehensively implement the Labour Law.
This Regional Data Overview presents regional data on sex work that is available as it pertains to HIV epidemiology, risk behaviours and vulnerability factors.
Commercial sex is the primary mode of HIV transmission in many Asian countries: where more people engage in commercial sex than in any other high-risk behaviour. An estimated 0.5%-15% of men pay for sex across the region. These men are one of the key determinants in both the spread and magnitude of HIV epidemics in the region, since they are the biggest single group that transmits HIV to their intimate partners.
Keywords: HIV, FSW, MSW, transgender people, clients, condom use, prevalence, knowledge, violence
In 2011, the fourth round of the Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) was led by the Department of Health. The IHBSS would provide crucial strategic information that would influence and provide direction for policies, programs, and services to help address the escalating epidemic of HIV in the Philippines and its consequent burden. The most-at-risk populations (MARPS) were included in the surveillance and in this report - Males who have sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).
This report examines the Custody and Education system. Over the course of Asia Catalyst's research into the system, we found serious conflict between the C&E system and international human rights law. As a coercive administrative education measure that deprives citizens of their personal liberty for extended periods of time, C&E also has an extremely fragile legal foundation in Chinese law, given that the main documents on which it is based are not laws but regulations. Individuals detained under the C&E system are denied a fair trial and lack all essential procedural rights such as the right to a defense and a hearing. This report analyzes China’s relevant laws and policies, as well as documentary data from inside and outside of China.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, FSW, laws, sex work, human rights, police
Gender-based violence (GBV) is commonly thought of as an issue affecting primarily women and girls; however, stigma, discrimination and violence are also expressed toward men who have sex with men (MSM), male sex workers (MSW) and transgender (TG) individuals. While there is an increasing body of research among sexual minorities identifying the association between GBV and physical and mental health issues, including increased risk of contracting HIV, programs for these populations tend to focus on raising HIV awareness to reduce sexual risks. A better understanding of GBV among MSM/MSW/TG populations is necessary in order to develop clear and targeted recommendations for future interventions targeting this issue.
The first CRiSP (Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Worker in Hong Kong) was launched in 2006 and it was repeated in 2009. HIV prevalence among female sex worker (FSW) in Hong Kong was found to be maintained at a low level in these two rounds of CRiSP, 0.19% and 0.05% respectively. Organized as a regular public health surveillance programme, a similar integrated biobehavioural survey for FSW, incorporated into the new HARiS (HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey) programme, was conducted in 2013 via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
This tool is the product of collaboration among sex workers, service providers, researchers, government officials and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) from around the world, as well as United Nations agencies, and development partners from the United States. The tool is aligned with the 2012 Recommendations. It also refers to a global consultation conducted with sex workers by NSWP as part of the process of developing the 2012 Recommendations. This consultation document is referred to in this tool as the “values and preferences survey”.
The Judicial Dialogue provided a critical opportunity for experience sharing between members of the judiciary and representatives of judicial training institutions from 16 countries across Asia and the Pacific, on the complex legal and human rights issues raised by the HIV epidemic. The Judicial Dialogue also benefited from the perspectives of people living with HIV, representatives of communities of men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers and people who use drugs.