Rapid Advice: Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants. WHO (2009)

Rapid Advice: Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants. WHO (2009) The World Health Organization (WHO) worked on the revision of the Use of antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing hiv infection in infants: recommendations for a public health approach, 2006, through a series of coordinated efforts to review and synthesize emerging evidence.

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Excellent Outcomes among HIV+ Children on ART, but Unacceptably High Pre-ART Mortality. Raguenaud ME, Isaakidis P, Zachariah R, et al (2009)

Excellent Outcomes among HIV+ Children on ART, but Unacceptably High Pre-ART Mortality. Raguenaud ME, Isaakidis P, Zachariah R, et al (2009) Background: Although HIV program evaluations focusing on mortality on ART provide important evidence on treatment effectiveness, they do not asses overall HIV program performance because they exclude patients who are eligible but not started on ART for whatever reason. The objective of this study was to measure mortality that occurs both pre-ART and during ART among HIVpositive children enrolled in two HIV-programs in Cambodia.

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Rapid Advice: Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection in Adults and Adolescents. WHO (2009)

Rapid Advice: Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection in Adults and Adolescents. WHO (2009) The guideline Antiretroviral therapy for hiv infection in adults and adolescents, developed by World Health Organization (WHO), was first published in 2002, simplified in 2003 and was updated in 2006. The guideline continues to follow the principles of a public health approach, aiming to optimize outcomes, including the quality of life and survival, of people living with HIV (PLHIV), and to act as a reference tool for countries to adopt and adapt according to their national circumstances.

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Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Guideline. Ministry of Health Bhutan (2009)

Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Guideline. Ministry of Health Bhutan (2009)

HIV infection in pregnancy is associated with signifi cant maternal morbidility. Infected children die early without interventions and uninfected children are left without parents. Society has to bear the loss of working people and the expense of looking after the orphans. Millions of children are infected from the maternal routes many of which could have been prevented.


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Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNDP and UNAIDS (2009)

Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNDP and UNAIDS (2009)
Surveillance and special surveys in many parts of the world show that the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people compared with men in the general population. These infections can be transmitted to their sexual partners, who are men and, in some parts of the world, frequently women as well. In some countries where the epidemic had previously been contained, and in countries with good practices, a resurgence of HIV and other STIs has been noted, in particular, among populations of MSM. The reasons for this resurgence are not well understood. A high HIV prevalence among MSM and transgender people is being reported from countries that had previously ignored or denied the existence of MSM in their populations.


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Understanding HIV in Afghanistan: The Emerging Epidemic and Opportunity for Prevention. National AIDS Control Program Afghanistan, Johns Hopkins University and Indian Institute of Health Management Research (2008)

Understanding HIV in Afghanistan: The Emerging Epidemic and Opportunity for Prevention. National AIDS Control Program Afghanistan, JHU and Indian Institute of Health Management Research (2008) Recent studies on HIV transmission in Asian countries characterize an epidemic which centers largely around three behaviors: 1) shared needles and syringes, 2) unprotected sex with sex workers, and 3) unprotected sex between males. While HIV cases are not confined to these three most-at-risk populations (Injecting Drug Users (IDUs), Sex Workers (SWs) and their clients, and men who have sex with men (MSM)), the speed and direction of HIV transmission largely depends on the size, behavior, and access to information of these sub- populations.

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Rice is Essential but Tiresome; You Should Get Some Noodles: Doi Moi and the Political Economy of Men’s Extramarital Sexual Relations and Marital HIV Risk in Hanoi, Vietnam. Phinney HM (2008)

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Ethnographic and epidemiological research from around the world has suggested that married women’s greatest risk for contracting HIV is from having unprotected sexual intercourse with their unfaithful husbands and from the differential power relationship between husbands and wives.



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Avahan – The India AIDS Initiative: The Business of HIV Prevention at Scale. Avahan and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (2008)

Avahan – The India AIDS Initiative: The Business of HIV Prevention at Scale. Avahan and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (2008) Avahan has successfully built a large-scale HIV intervention program in its first five years. It operates in six states in India, which have a combined population of 300 million people. Within these states, it provides prevention services to nearly 200,000 female sex workers, 60,000 high-risk men who have sex with men,* and 20,000 injecting drug users, together with 5 million men at risk.

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HIV/AIDS Vulnerability and Risk Reduction among Ethnic Minority Groups through Communication Strategies in the Greater Mekong Subregion. ADB (2008)

HIV/AIDS Vulnerability and Risk Reduction among Ethnic Minority Groups through Communication Strategies in the Greater Mekong Subregion. ADB (2008) ADB Regional Technical Assistance (RETA 6247) was financed by the Poverty Reduction Cooperation Fund from the United Kingdom's Department for International Development, with parallel financing from UNESCO. This RETA 6247 was, in part, a continuation of the previous RETA (RETA 6083, ICT and Preventive Education in the Cross-border Areas of the Greater Mekong Sub-region).

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Increase Coverage of HIV and AIDS Services in Myanmar. Williams B, Baker D, Buhler M, et al (2008)

Increase Coverage of HIV and AIDS Services in Myanmar. Williams B, Baker D, Buhler M, et al (2008) Myanmar is experiencing an HIV epidemic documented since the late 1980s. The National AIDS Programme national surveillance ante-natal clinics had already estimated in 1993 that 1.4% of pregnant women were HIV positive, and UNAIDS estimates that at end 2005 1.3% (range 0.7–2.0%) of the adult population was living with HIV. While a HIV surveillance system has been in place since 1992, the programmatic response to the epidemic has been slower to emerge although short- and medium-terms plans have been formulated since 1990. These early plans focused on the health sector, omitted key population groups at risk of HIV transmission and have not been adequately funded. The public health system more generally is severely under-funded.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/ESCAP_Asia_and_the_Pacific_SDG_Progress_Report_2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_Progress_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_National_and_Subnational_HIV_Estimates_and_Projections_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_NASA_Report_2016-2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_TB_Global_Report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-Global-AIDS-Update_Asia-Pacific_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-changing-laws-that-discriminate_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/PNG_HIV_National_Strategic_Information_2018-22.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/PNG_National_STI_and_HIV_Strategy.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-young-peoples-participation-in-community-based-responses-to-hiv_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNODC_factsheet_Ending_AIDS_by_2030_for_people_and_with_PUD_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HRI-women-harm-reduction-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Elective_C-section_should_not_be_routinely_recommended_to_WLHIV_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guideline_on_digital_interventions_for_health_system_strengthening_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Progress_report_on_HIV_viral_hepatitis_and_STI_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV_UHC_Guide_Civil_Society_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_Annual_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV-related-travel-restrictions-explainer_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HIV-and-the-Law-supplement-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_IBBS_and_Population_size_estimates_among_FSW_2015.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
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