Indonesia National AIDS Spending Assessment 2011-2012. Nadjib M, Megraini A, Ishardini L and Rosalina L. (2013)

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HIV and AIDS are among health issues prioritized in the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) and require considerable attention from various stakeholders. The Government of Indonesia, along with international partners has been working hard in suppressing the spread of AIDS in the country through various programs. However, more challenges remain, and despite considerable amount of money spent in resources to combat HIV and AIDS in Indonesia, the rate of new cases of HIV continue to persist.

 

Keywords: NASA, expenditures, spending, prevention, treatment, vulnerable

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HIV/AIDS Financing in the Philippines: Status and Agenda for Improvement. Caballes AB. (2011)

2011 AIDS_Financing_Philippines_UPECON-1

The Philippines, while seemingly fortunate in thus far being able to avert a full-blown HIV/AIDS epidemic, remains at risk for this potentially disastrous possibility. On both the policy and program fronts, strategic areas have been identified to better focus the various sector-specific prevention and control activities. Nonetheless, if recent and current financing and allocation patterns are any measure, the reality may be far from the drawing board ideal. 

 

 

 

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Resource Inflow for the HIV & AIDS Programmes in Nepal- 2010. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2011)

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This study will enable the Government of Nepal, MoHP, national programme management entity namely HSCB and NCASC to track the influx of and distribution of resources from various donor agencies to HIV Programmes and assess the gap to meet the involved population coverage. This study complements the National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) which is more focused on the spending aspect of HIV response /programmes in Nepal.

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Financing the Response to AIDS in Low- and Middle- Income Countries: International Assistance from Donor Governments in 2011. Kates J, Wexler A, Lief E and Gobet B. (2012).

2012 Financing_response_to_AIDS_in_low_and_middle_income_countries_in_2011-1

This report is based on analysis of data provided by the 23 donor government members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the European Union (EU). It includes their combined bilateral assistance and contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) and to UNITAID. 

 

 

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The World Health Report: Health Systems Financing: The Path to Universal Coverage. WHO (2010)

Health System_Financing_2012

Promoting and protecting health is essential to human welfare and sustained economic and social development. This was recognized more than 30 years ago by the Alma-Ata Declaration signatories, who noted that Health for All would contribute both to a better quality of life and also to global peace and security. 

 

 

 

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Report from Expert Consultation on Costing HIV Responses in Asia. UNAIDS RST (2010)

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An Expert Consultation on Costing HIV Responses in Asia-Pacific was held from 28 to 29 October 2010 for expert developers and users to assess the usefulness of various costing tools for different purposes, as well as their comparability and complementarities. The meeting outcomes were intended to support the HIV National Strategic Planning process and Global Fund (and other) proposal development at a time when resources are expected to decline, so that countries must prioritize and implement the most cost-effective programmes. 

 

 

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China National AIDS Spending Assessment 2010. Yakusik A, Zhongdan C, Fernández CA, et al. (2012)

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Comprehensive information about national spending on AIDS response is crucial for health policy development and evaluation. Dehong Prefecture of Yunnan Province is one of the areas hardest hit by HIV in China. Since 1989, when the first 146 HIV-infected injecting drug users (IDUs) were identified in Dehong, this area with 1.1 million of people reported a cumulative total of 17,590 HIV cases by the end of 2010. Studies conducted suggest that the population prevalence for HIV infections in Dehong Prefecture is estimated to be 1.3%. IDUs make up the majority of the people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Dehong Prefecture, accounting for more than a half of the total number of estimated HIV cases in Dehong with high estimated HIV prevalence. HIV transmission mode has been changing gradually over the recent years from intravenous drug use to heterosexual and homosexual transmission. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the overall level and composition of major investments in national AIDS response in Dehong Prefecture introducing National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) as a method for the purpose.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, cases, death, mode of transmission, investments, funding

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Reviewing the Evidence on Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Prevention Strategies in Thailand. Pattanaphesaj J and Teerawattananon Y (2010)

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Following universal access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand, evidence from National AIDS Spending Assessment indicates a decreasing proportion of expenditure on prevention interventions. To prompt policymakers to revitalize HIV prevention, this study identifies a comprehensive list of HIV/AIDs preventive interventions that are likely to be effective and cost-effective in Thailand.


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The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010)

The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010) The India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) project is involved in rapid scale-up of HIV-prevention interventions in high-risk populations. This study examines the cost variation of 107 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) implementing targeted interventions, over the start up (defined as period from project inception until services to the key population commenced) and first 2 years of intervention.

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HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. Amico P, Aran C and Avila C (2010)

HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. Amico P, Aran C and Avila C (2010)

HIV has devastated numerous countries in sub-Saharan Africa and is a dominant health force in many other
parts of the world. Its undeniable importance is reflected in the establishment of Millennium Development Goal No. 6. Unprecedented amounts of funding have been committed and disbursed over the past two decades. Many have argued that this enormous influx of funding has been detrimental to building stronger health systems in recipient countries. This paper examines the funding share for HIV measured against the total funding for health.

Source: Amico P, Aran C, Avila C (2010) HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. PLoS ONE 5(9): e12997. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012997



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