Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNDP and UNAIDS (2009)

Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNDP and UNAIDS (2009)
Surveillance and special surveys in many parts of the world show that the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people compared with men in the general population. These infections can be transmitted to their sexual partners, who are men and, in some parts of the world, frequently women as well. In some countries where the epidemic had previously been contained, and in countries with good practices, a resurgence of HIV and other STIs has been noted, in particular, among populations of MSM. The reasons for this resurgence are not well understood. A high HIV prevalence among MSM and transgender people is being reported from countries that had previously ignored or denied the existence of MSM in their populations.


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Mapping Transgender Groups, Organisations and Networks in South Asia. The Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (2008)

APCOM Report_TG_Mapping_South_Asia

According to the policy brief titled “The Value of Investing in MSM Programs in the Asia-Pacific Region”, for APCOM/USAID Health Policy Initiative (APCOM Policy Brief No. 1, March 2008), there is strong evidence establishing male-tomale sex as one of the driving forces of HIV transmission in the region. HIV prevalence among MSM and transgender populations ranges from 3% to 31% in Asia-Pacific countries (5 to 15 times higher than overall HIV prevalence). In India, for instance, the latest estimates by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), India, show that prevalence among MSM and transgender populations was 5.7% in 2006 as against the overall adult prevalence of 0.36%.

 

 

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Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other STIs among Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNAIDS and UNDP (2008)

Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other STIs among Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations. WHO, UNAIDS and UNDP (2008) Surveillance and special surveys in many parts of the world show that the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people compared with men in the general population. These infections can be transmitted to their sexual partners, who are men and, in some parts of the world, frequently women as well. In some countries where the epidemic had previously been contained, and in countries with good practices, a resurgence of HIV and other STIs has been noted, in particular, among populations of MSM.


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Integrated Biological- Behavioral Surveillance among Most-at-Risk Groups in Indonesia, 2007: Surveillance Highlights- Waria. Department of Health, Statistics Indonesia, USAID, et al. (2007)

Integrated Biological- Behavioral Surveillance among Most-at-Risk Groups in Indonesia, 2007: Surveillance Highlights- Waria. The Department of Health Indonesia, The National AIDS Commission, Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS, et al (2007) In Indonesia, men who have assumed a female identity (transgenders or transvestites) are referred to as Waria. Prior surveillance data indicate that Waria tend to engage in risky sexual behaviors, and have high HIV prevalence.

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Of Transgender and Sin in Asia. Winter S (2006)

Of Transgender and Sin in Asia. Winter  S (2006) I was born male and identify as one. Until recently I hadn't asked myself why I had turned out this way. Yet many transpeople I know have long asked this question of themselves. What's more, there is a small army of researchers trying to uncover answers to the same question. Relatively few seem interested in going up to a trans person and simply asking him or her 'Why do you think you turned out this way?

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