Factsheet: HARiS - HIV and AIDS Response Indicator Survey 2015 for Male-to-female Transgender. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2016)


Male-to-female transgender (TG) has been a neglected and hard-to-reach community, yet various overseas studies have shown that their HIV prevalence can be quite high. To better study the situation in Hong Kong, it has been included as one distinct at-risk populations in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS) since 2014.



Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, TG, sexual behaviours, testing, alcohol use



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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Terai Highway Districts of Nepal- 2016 (Round –I) - Factsheet. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2016)


This is the first round of the IBBS survey conducted among men who have sex with men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) population in the selected eight districts of Terai Highway regions of Nepal. The objectives of the first round of the IBBS survey was to: a) determine the prevalence of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ TG, b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics, and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted from 5th June to 15th June 2016.

Keywords: Nepal, IBBS, HIV, STI, MSM, TG, MSW, prevalence, syphilis


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) People in Terai Highway Districts of Nepal - Round I. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2016)


This is the first round IBBS survey among MSM/TG conducted in eight districts of Terai Highway in Nepal and field work conducted by National Institute for Development and Research (NIDR). The eight districts namely Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari (Eastern Terai), Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kapilbastu (Western Terai), Kailali and Kanchanpur (Far-western Terai) were purposively selected on the basis of previous round of size estimation, consultation with relevant stakeholders during the formative assessment. The main objectives of the IBBS surveys were: to determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhoea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/TG, collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM/TG population.

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, MSM, MSW, TG, prevalence, drug use



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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey among Transgender Women in Cambodia, 2016. Mun P, Tuot S, Chhim S, Chhoun P, Ly C, Pal K, Ngin C, and Yi S. (2016)


While the overall prevalence of new HIV infections and mortality rate among people living with HIV (PLHIV) continue to decline in Cambodia, risky sexual behaviors and subsequent new HIV infections among transgender (TG) women continue to be of great concerns. To reduce HIV prevalence among TG women, it is crucial to track the changes in prevalence, risk behaviors, and factors associated with HIV infection to devise more responsive and tailor-made interventions. This Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey (TG-IBBS 2016) investigates the current HIV prevalence, risky sexual behaviors, and factors associated with HIV infection among TG women in Cambodia. Where allowable, the results of this study are compared with those of the first one conducted in 2012. This study provides further evidence to confirm whether Cambodia is on track towards meeting the goals in the fight against HIV and whether the country’s “3.0” (Three Zeros) goal will be realized by 2020. 


Keywords: HIV, IBBS, transgender people, gender, prevalence, discrimination


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Key Populations taking the Lead. LINKAGES. (2016)


In many countries, however, men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, and people who inject drugs are taking the lead to ensure that their peers receive the services they need. This issue of The Link highlights some of these efforts as it examines the promise of peer-led and peer-assisted interventions designed to increase access to and uptake of HIV prevention, care, and treatment services.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, harm reduction, stigma and discrimination, health services, key populations

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Most Impacted, Least Served: Ensuring the Meaningful Engagement of Transgender People in Global Fund Processes. A Global Network of Transgender Women and HIV (IRGT). (2016)


Commissioned by The Global Network of Transgender Women and HIV (IRGT), this report documents findings from the examination of relevant literature and from semi-structured interviews (with transgender community activists, civil society organization representatives, and officials from major donors) on the remaining barriers to addressing the HIV related needs of transgender people, as well as good practices for engaging key donors (such as The Global Fund).

Keywords: gender equality, sexual orientation and gender identity

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Policy Brief: Transgender Health and HIV in the Philippines. WHO. (2016)


This Policy Brief presents up-to-date evidence about transgender health in the Philippines based on the IHBSS survey conducted in Cebu City, on the Femina Trans Initiative and on the results of the focus group discussions conducted in the Philippines that were part of the aforementioned regional assessment. The document also highlights the implications for policymaking, programming and service delivery to improve the health of Filipino transgender women.


Keywords: HIV, STI, infections, prevalence, testing, health, condom


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PrEP Transcending Barriers for Safer Pleasure. Project Inform. (2016)


Project Inform and Outshine NW partnered to write this PrEP resource guide for women who are transgender and for other trans/gender-variant people who were assigned male sex at birth. 

By the end of this book, you will:
1) know how to find more information about PrEP;
2) know how to find an accessible healthcare provider;
3) know how to to ask for PrEP;
4) know where to get support to advocate for yourself if you run into any hurdles along the way; and
5) have a better idea whether PrEP is an HIV prevention tool you want to use.

Keywords: HIV, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), condoms, prevention, side effects

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Rap App: Innovating Capacity Building in Asia and the Pacific. APCOM. (2016)


Since 2013, APCOM has established partnerships with fifteen (15) MSM and transgender networks and organisations at a regional, sub-regional and country level in Asia and the Pacific. These networks and organisations have completed the rapid assessment apparatus and were provided technical support. A peer-to-peer mentoring process was also applied in providing assistance to build relationship and trust. APCOM has also provided opportunities to the organisations at a country level to formally present the Rap App results to technical stakeholders and mobilise for resources. Click the following links to read the reports from each assessed network or organisation.

Keywords: HIV, MSM, transgender, capacity building, human rights

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MYISEAN (Malaysia)






- CARMAH (Viet Nam)



Readiness Assessment: Moving towards a Country-led and - Financed HIV Response for Key Populations. USAID, PEPFAR and Health Policy Project. (2016)


This new guide from the USAID- and PEPFAR-funded Health Policy Project is a flexible tool for assessing the readiness and ability of country stakeholders (including government, development partners, and civil society) to sustain HIV epidemic control among key populations when donors transition to different levels and types of funding.

Keywords: guide, sex workers (SWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender persons (TG), and people who inject drugs (PWID)

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