Transgender Community in Pakistan. Naz Male Health Alliance and Forum for Dignity. (2016)

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The study investigated the vulnerabilities, challenges, and their consequences faced by the transgender communities. The research study has led to highlighting specific advocacy initiatives, which will help in awarding equal citizenship and dignity to the transgender community.

 

The research study had two phases; firstly a literature review was conducted and analyzed. Based on the analysis of the desk review findings, methodologies and tools were developed in the second phase to collect primary data to fill in the gaps.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, transgender, hijra, human rights, gender

 

 

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What is Their Hate About? Harmful Gender Norms and Violence against Male, Female and Transgender Sex Workers in Asia. Szabo G and Cabassi J. (2016)

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Sex workers experience extreme violence – at work, in prison and police stations, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes, from family members, police, clients, intimate partners and strangers. This violence is gender-based. Male, female and transgender sex workers are targeted because they challenge traditional gender norms and are denied fundamental human rights – to equal protection under the law, protection from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and to the highest attainable standard of health. 


Keywords: HIV, SWs, gender, sexual violence, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka

 

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of the IBBS survey conducted among Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) population in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Previously, the survey was carried out in 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2012 in the same location among the same population. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily with objectives to: a) determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in August, 2015.


Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, MSM, MSW, TG, prevalence, syphilis, condom, transgender sex worker (TGSW)

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Formative Assessment on Stigma and Discrimination Impacting Universal Access to HIV and Health Services for MSM and Transgender People in Bhutan. NACP and UNDP. (2015)

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This study assesses the barriers faced by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bhutan in accessing health services. It seeks to identify the level of stigma and discrimination against these marginalized groups as well as assesses the strengths, limitations and needs of the health services dealing with their sexual health. The study puts forth a set of concrete recommendations aimed at addressing the issues that have been identified.

 

Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, homophobia, gender, stigma, discrimination, gender

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HIV and Young Transgender People: A Technical Brief. WHO. (2015)

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Stigma and discrimination against transgender people frequently cause them to be rejected by their families and denied healthcare services, including access to HIV testing, counselling and treatment.


Keywords: HIV, unprotected sex, drug, alcohol, stigma, discrimination, selling sex, health care

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Man Having Sex with Man (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley, Round 5. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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As of 2015, five rounds of IBBS surveys (i.e. Round 1 in 2004, Round 2 in 2007, Round 3 in 2009, Round 4 in 2012, and Round 5 in 2015) have been conducted in Nepal. The main objectives of the IBBS survey were to: determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati(CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhoea(NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM/TG population.

 

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, ART, prevalence, condom use, partners, stigma and discrimination, drug use

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Rights in Action: Transgender Health and HIV. USAID, PEPFAR, LINKAGES and IRGT. (2015)

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Every day, transgender (trans) people face human rights violations that harm their health and well-being, limit their opportunities and increase their vulnerability to HIV. This brief provides programmers and policymakers with a framework to understand the risks faced by the trans community and describes concrete steps that can be taken to reduce the burden of HIV and protect the rights of trans people around the world.


Keywords: HIV, stigma, discrimination, health services, human rights, gender

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A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia. Centre for Advocacy and Research and UNDP. (2014)

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A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia: Regional Framework, Literature Review and Country Case Studies provides direction for how men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities should engage with the media, and how the media itself should leverage its influence to reduce stigma and discrimination, educate and raise awareness of human rights issues, and support strategies and programmes that improve the political, social and legal environments for MSM and transgender people in South Asia. The report includes case studies from Bangladesh, Nepal and India and provides recommendations for actions by programme managers working in South Asia for both managing media and for empowering communities to work more effectively with media. 

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ASEAN Good Practices and New Initiatives in HIV and AIDS. The ASEAN Secretariat Jakarta. (2014)

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According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
The key risk behaviours that drive the HIV epidemic in the region are unprotected sex with multiple partners and needle sharing in injecting drug use. Seventy-five per cent of all HIV infections in ASEAN are reported among key populations (KPs) of sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender, and people who inject drugs. Other vulnerable populations include the intimate partners of KPs, youths, and mobile populations.


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, testing, STI, prevention, FSW, transgender people, MSM, prison setting, PWID, migrant workers

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Being LGBT in Asia: Cambodia Country Report. UNDP and USAID. (2014)

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This country report is a product of a broader initiative, ‘Being LGBT in Asia’, which was launched in December 2012. It is the first-of-its-kind Asia-wide learning activity carried out with Asian grassroots LGBT organizations and community leaders alongside USAID and UNDP. In Cambodia, it has additionally partnered with OHCHR. With a focus on eight countries – Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam – the initiative examines LGBT lived experiences from a development and rights perspective.

 

Keywords: LGBT, human rights, legal environment, sexual orientation, gender identity, stigma, discrimination

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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