Regional Analysis Report: A Capacity Assessment of National MSM and Transgender Organisations and Networks in Southeast Asia. APCOM. (2016)

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The JumpStart Rap App was used to assess the organisational capacity of five MSM and transgender networks and organisations in Southeast Asia. The findings indicate capacity gaps in all 11 organisational and programmatic components of the Rap App, although the five organisations vary widely in their reach, capacity and technical support needs.


Keywords: MSM, transgender, young people, sex workers, PWUD, PLHIV, advocacy, technical support

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Scoping Report: The Involvement of the MSM and Transgender Community with the Global Fund New Funding Model Country Processes, Indonesia. APCOM. (2016)

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The Scoping Report aims to assess the level of engagement of the MSM and transgender community with the country dialogues in Indonesia. In addition, the report also aims to determine the level of engagements between the community and the Global Fund Indonesian CCM. This activity has been supported by the Robert Carr Civil Society Networks Fund through the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks hosted by MSMGF.

 

Keywords: MSM, transgender people, young people, communities and civil society

 

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Transgender Community in Pakistan. Naz Male Health Alliance and Forum for Dignity. (2016)

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The study investigated the vulnerabilities, challenges, and their consequences faced by the transgender communities. The research study has led to highlighting specific advocacy initiatives, which will help in awarding equal citizenship and dignity to the transgender community.

 

The research study had two phases; firstly a literature review was conducted and analyzed. Based on the analysis of the desk review findings, methodologies and tools were developed in the second phase to collect primary data to fill in the gaps.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, transgender, hijra, human rights, gender

 

 

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What is Their Hate About? Harmful Gender Norms and Violence against Male, Female and Transgender Sex Workers in Asia. Szabo G and Cabassi J. (2016)

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Sex workers experience extreme violence – at work, in prison and police stations, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes, from family members, police, clients, intimate partners and strangers. This violence is gender-based. Male, female and transgender sex workers are targeted because they challenge traditional gender norms and are denied fundamental human rights – to equal protection under the law, protection from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and to the highest attainable standard of health. 


Keywords: HIV, SWs, gender, sexual violence, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka

 

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“I Want to Live With My Head Held High” Abuses in Bangladesh’s Legal Recognition of Hijras. Human Rights Watch. (2016)

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This report documents abuses suffered by a group of hijras, when they were forced to undergo so-called medical examinations at a hospital in Dhaka, the capital, in 2015, as part of a government employment program. The medical exams were ordered as part of the routine government hiring procedure, but absent a clear procedure to identify and respect hijras, hospital staff responded based on their own personal biases.  Although a 2013 directive from the cabinet recognizes hijras as a third gender, the government has not developed rights-based procedures for changing their gender on official documents, leaving them open to abuse when they seek to assert their rights, Human Rights Watch found. 


Keywords: human rights, transgender, gender, stigma, discrimination

 

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of the IBBS survey conducted among Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) population in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Previously, the survey was carried out in 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2012 in the same location among the same population. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily with objectives to: a) determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in August, 2015.


Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, MSM, MSW, TG, prevalence, syphilis, condom, transgender sex worker (TGSW)

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Formative Assessment on Stigma and Discrimination Impacting Universal Access to HIV and Health Services for MSM and Transgender People in Bhutan. NACP and UNDP. (2015)

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This study assesses the barriers faced by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bhutan in accessing health services. It seeks to identify the level of stigma and discrimination against these marginalized groups as well as assesses the strengths, limitations and needs of the health services dealing with their sexual health. The study puts forth a set of concrete recommendations aimed at addressing the issues that have been identified.

 

Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, homophobia, gender, stigma, discrimination, gender

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HIV and Young Transgender People: A Technical Brief. WHO. (2015)

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Stigma and discrimination against transgender people frequently cause them to be rejected by their families and denied healthcare services, including access to HIV testing, counselling and treatment.


Keywords: HIV, unprotected sex, drug, alcohol, stigma, discrimination, selling sex, health care

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Man Having Sex with Man (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley, Round 5. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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As of 2015, five rounds of IBBS surveys (i.e. Round 1 in 2004, Round 2 in 2007, Round 3 in 2009, Round 4 in 2012, and Round 5 in 2015) have been conducted in Nepal. The main objectives of the IBBS survey were to: determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati(CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhoea(NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM/TG population.

 

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, ART, prevalence, condom use, partners, stigma and discrimination, drug use

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Rights in Action: Transgender Health and HIV. USAID, PEPFAR, LINKAGES and IRGT. (2015)

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Every day, transgender (trans) people face human rights violations that harm their health and well-being, limit their opportunities and increase their vulnerability to HIV. This brief provides programmers and policymakers with a framework to understand the risks faced by the trans community and describes concrete steps that can be taken to reduce the burden of HIV and protect the rights of trans people around the world.


Keywords: HIV, stigma, discrimination, health services, human rights, gender

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