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In Asia Pacific, an estimated 230,000 children under 15 years of age were living with HIV in 2012, with approximately 25 percent of them receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). The paediatric HIV epidemic is entering the next phase of its evolution in the region, as children infected from birth enter adolescence and face new challenges. These adolescents living with HIV are now dealing with the complex social, economic, mental and developmental consequences of life-long HIV and ART. Having been infected before development of their immune systems and experienced in many cases sub-optimal ART options and formulations, they are facing the transition from complete dependence on their guardians to becoming their own caregivers.
|The 3rd National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS Response (2011-2015)ii provides the overall framework for the national response. The Strategic Plan is a roadmap to minimise the spread of HIV and the impact of AIDS on individuals, families, communities and society. Key principles that underpin the Strategic Plan include multi-sectorial engagement, stigma reduction, broad political commitment, civil society involvement, evidence-informed programming, prevention to care continuum, human rights, use of gender based approaches, partnership and a coordinated approach.|
Thailand fact sheets on estimated number of adolescents living with HIV 2013. The fact sheets provide information on adolescent HIV trends, distribution of adolescent AIDS-related deaths, HIV treatment for adolescents, adolescent knowledge, testing and behavior related to HIV and adolescent key population.
Keywords: HIV prevalence, condom, aged 10-19, aged 15-19, boys, girls
Multiple health risk behaviors (HRBs) among adolescents pose a threat to their health, including HIV/ AIDS. Health risk behaviors such as alcohol use, smoking, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors among youth have been shown to co-occur with each others. The objectives of this study was to estimate the prevalence of single and concurrent health risk behaviors and to explore how health risk behavior is associated with sociodemographic factors and peers’ behaviors.
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|The 2010 Cambodia Most at Risk Young People Survey (MARYPS 2010) is a follow up of an earlier survey conducted in 2004 in Cambodia to obtain data on the situation, behaviors and sexual and reproductive health of most at risk young people (MARYP). The goal of the survey was to provide the policymakers and planners with reliable data on alcohol, drug and sex related behaviors and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services among MARYP.
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This study is an effort to explore in depth the young people's sexual and reproductive health issues. It is expected to elicit interest from the politicians, policy makers and international partners, and stimulate public discussions on the youth issues, challenges and concerns. The report is also expected to provide guidance in designing policy interventions.