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This Guidance is a milestone for translating the Global Strategy into action. It provides a wealth of information to policy-makers, practitioners, researchers, educators, donors, and civil society organizations – including the most up-to-date data on the major disease and injury burdens that affect adolescents. It supports the implementation of the Global Strategy by providing the comprehensive information that countries need to decide what to do for adolescent health, and how to do it. It builds on on-going efforts to ensure that adolescents can Survive, Thrive and are in a position to Transform the societies in which they live.
A greater understanding of HIV in high prevalence countries has increased awareness of the need to prioritise adolescents in HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. At the same time, a growing recognition that adolescence is a distinct time of life has focused attention on adolescents’ different needs. Adolescents are now included as a separate target group in global and national strategies.
Increased access to HIV testing and treatment means that, more than ever, adolescents living with HIV know their status and are living longer on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Much more work is needed, however, to meet adolescents’ needs for prevention, care, treatment and support services.
Mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety or other conditions may lead to behavioural problems such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use. The multi-directional linkages between mental health conditions and other health, educational, social and development problems call for evidence for action in this area. This publication, is a step towards building an evidence base to facilitate informed policy and programmatic actions by the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia.
Keywords: adolescents, bully, school, drug use
This technical guidance, developed by the UNFPA- and WHO-led Adolescent Working Group of Every Woman Every Child, aims to support countries to both advocate for increased investments in adolescent health and to guide strategic choices and decision-making for such investments to be reflected in national development policies, strategies or plans. It describes a systematic process for identifying the needs, priorities and actions for adolescents to survive, thrive and transform their societies as envisioned through the Global Strategy of Every Woman Every Child. Data sources, resources and tools for conducting a situation assessment and prioritization exercise are also included.
Countries around the world have committed to a historic ambition: to end preventable child and maternal deaths within a generation.
A Common Cause shows why two key movements in global health – maternal and child health, and Universal Health Coverage – need to join forces to make that ambition a reality.
The report argues for universal access to an integrated continuum of care for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, provided through strengthened primary healthcare and referral systems.
Adolescence is a key period where individuals of all gender identities form attitudes, opinions and beliefs – about themselves, about their sexuality and about their place in the world. It is a period when ideas about equality can become ingrained. The study emphasizes that a holistic approach to advancing gender equality and sexual and reproductive health must include both adolescent girls and boys. It highlights the need to engage adolescent boys and young men as allies to achieve gender equality and as supporters of women’s empowerment, as well as the importance of addressing the specific health and social development needs of boys themselves.
Keywords: HIV, STI, condom, sexual orientation, gender identity, violence, women, girls
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to programme designers, implementers, policy and decision makers on how to meaningfully engage adolescents in the AIDS response and broader health programming, and to demonstrate why adolescents and youth are critical in efforts to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. It also highlights what steps should be taken to implement programmes and policies that improve adolescent health outcomes (including for HIV) at the national, regional and global levels.
The purpose of this document is to provide the MoHMS and other government Ministries and their partners with a concise review and analysis of the health needs of adolescents in Fiji. The focus is on physical and mental health (including sexual and reproductive health, mental disorder and substance use, nutrition and rheumatic heart disease). Some relevant social determinants are highlighted (particularly education and employment), as these are important drivers for adolescent health and wellbeing.
The programmes described in this document aim to reduce HIV incidence among adolescent girls and young women. The epidemic dynamics, however, require programming that cuts across age and gender. New HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women are substantially higher than among males of the same age because HIV is more commonly acquired from male sexual partners who are a few or several years older. Gender inequality also disproportionately affects girls and women, but addressing it requires working with both women and men to consider not only unequal power dynamics, but also risk practices and underlying social and gender norms.
Youth LEAD aims to surface the issues of adolescent key populations including adolescents living with HIV through their personal stories. This book presents seven stories of adolescents in three countries, namely, Thailand, China and the Philippines with an aim to inform ways to support and strengthen HIV programming and policy development in the region. Most importantly, these stories reflect realities of adolescents from key populations that may inspire other adolescents on how they are able to weather the storm and fight for their rights.