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The Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free report reveals a mixed story. The global targets set for 2018 have been missed by a wide margin in some subregions and countries. Some countries, however, have shown impressive progress and achieved success across all the target areas. These country examples demonstrate that success is possible and highlight the need for a paradigm shift in action across all focus countries to reach the targets by 2020.
Fewer children newly infected with HIV and improved health for mothers living with HIV stand out as achievements of the global AIDS response in recent years.
Tackling the Taboo focuses on the need to address patriarchal control of adolescent girls’ sexuality in the fight against child, early and forced marriage and unions, and highlights the vital role played by gender-transformative programmes. The report presents findings from a review of 23 organizations that work at the intersection of child marriage and sexuality, and includes three case studies that feature the work of grassroots organizations working in politically and culturally conservative contexts.
2018 was an extraordinary year for PMNCH, with the diversity of our work showcased at the 2018 Partners’ Forum. Other achievements included our work in a number of EWEC focus areas, country engagement, accountability, political engagement and resource mobilization. The Board and Executive Committee also adopted the PMNCH 2018-2020 Business Plan.
Given the importance of health policy and strategies for youth, this further analysis of the 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey examines the levels, trends, and determinants of the health of youth in Nepal. The analysis includes health indicators in four areas: marriage and sexual behavior, fertility and family planning, maternal health care, and other health outcomes such as domestic violence, nutritional status, and hypertension. The results show inconsistent progress in improving the health of young women and men in Nepal. There are increases in the utilization of maternal health services and use of contraceptive methods and there are reductions in unmet need for family planning. However, there has been no significant decrease in either domestic spousal violence or adolescent marriage. Comprehensive knowledge of HIV transmission has declined significantly, and nutritional status has worsened in terms of anemia and low BMI.
Every year 12 million girls are married before the age of 18. If progress is not accelerated, 150 million girls could be married in childhood by 2030.1 As a key driver of adolescent pregnancy, child marriage has a hugely detrimental impact on the health and wellbeing of girls and young women, who are more susceptible to experiencing complications during pregnancy and childbirth. The children of child brides are also at higher risk of poor health outcomes than children of girls who marry later. If we act to prevent child marriage now, we could dramatically improve health outcomes for millions of girls and women worldwide, and those of their children.
The 2017 IDHS provides an overall overview on current conditions related to population, family planning, reproductive health, and other health issues. One of the important issues collected in the 2017 IDHS is the information about Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH). The ARH information includes data of knowledge, attitudes, and adolescent practices toward human reproduction system, the use of cigarette and drugs, alcohol consumption, sexual intercourse, HIV AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
The publication of the ARH key indicators of the 2017 Indonesia Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) provides useful information for designing policies and programs to address the ARH issues in Indonesia. As the previous surveys, the 2017 IDHS is carried out by the National Population and Family Planning Board, Statistics Indonesia, and the Ministry of Health.
The data and information presented in this publication are expected to be used as inputs for planning and evaluating the Indonesia’s PFPFD program. This publication can also be used as a reference.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, STI, adolescents, reproductive health, awareness
In recent years, there has been growing evidence and recognition of the importance of engaging men and boys to improve gender equality and empower women and girls. The evidence base on male engagement in ending child marriage, specifically, is relatively thin, with only a handful of studies assessing whether programmes shift the attitudes and behaviours of men and boys around child marriage. Those programmes that have been rigorously studied suggest that it is indeed possible to shift boys’ attitudes toward child marriage including the appropriate age of marriage for girls.
The 2018 United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting (HLM) on Tuberculosis and the current revision of the Roadmap for childhood tuberculosis together present an important moment to consolidate and advance advocacy, commitment, resource mobilization and joint efforts by all stakeholders to provide health care and address the burden of TB among children
Keywords: TB, HIV, multidrug-resistant, treatment, advocacy
UNICEF has long been at the heart of global efforts to put the HIV epidemic into an irreversible and rapid retreat. Under the Strategic Plan for 2018–2021, UNICEF will continue to align its HIV-related commitments to global goals and targets detailed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; the Political Declaration agreed to at the June 2016 United Nations High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS; the Fast Track Strategy to End AIDS developed and championed by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); the United Nations Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health 2016–2030...