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Every year 12 million girls are married before the age of 18. If progress is not accelerated, 150 million girls could be married in childhood by 2030.1 As a key driver of adolescent pregnancy, child marriage has a hugely detrimental impact on the health and wellbeing of girls and young women, who are more susceptible to experiencing complications during pregnancy and childbirth. The children of child brides are also at higher risk of poor health outcomes than children of girls who marry later. If we act to prevent child marriage now, we could dramatically improve health outcomes for millions of girls and women worldwide, and those of their children.
The 2017 IDHS provides an overall overview on current conditions related to population, family planning, reproductive health, and other health issues. One of the important issues collected in the 2017 IDHS is the information about Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH). The ARH information includes data of knowledge, attitudes, and adolescent practices toward human reproduction system, the use of cigarette and drugs, alcohol consumption, sexual intercourse, HIV AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
The publication of the ARH key indicators of the 2017 Indonesia Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) provides useful information for designing policies and programs to address the ARH issues in Indonesia. As the previous surveys, the 2017 IDHS is carried out by the National Population and Family Planning Board, Statistics Indonesia, and the Ministry of Health.
The data and information presented in this publication are expected to be used as inputs for planning and evaluating the Indonesia’s PFPFD program. This publication can also be used as a reference.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, STI, adolescents, reproductive health, awareness
In recent years, there has been growing evidence and recognition of the importance of engaging men and boys to improve gender equality and empower women and girls. The evidence base on male engagement in ending child marriage, specifically, is relatively thin, with only a handful of studies assessing whether programmes shift the attitudes and behaviours of men and boys around child marriage. Those programmes that have been rigorously studied suggest that it is indeed possible to shift boys’ attitudes toward child marriage including the appropriate age of marriage for girls.
The 2018 United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting (HLM) on Tuberculosis and the current revision of the Roadmap for childhood tuberculosis together present an important moment to consolidate and advance advocacy, commitment, resource mobilization and joint efforts by all stakeholders to provide health care and address the burden of TB among children
Keywords: TB, HIV, multidrug-resistant, treatment, advocacy
UNICEF has long been at the heart of global efforts to put the HIV epidemic into an irreversible and rapid retreat. Under the Strategic Plan for 2018–2021, UNICEF will continue to align its HIV-related commitments to global goals and targets detailed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; the Political Declaration agreed to at the June 2016 United Nations High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS; the Fast Track Strategy to End AIDS developed and championed by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); the United Nations Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health 2016–2030...
This publication presents the findings, barriers and recommendations from the pilot, which subsequently informed the new National Adolescent Health Program, to ensure that “No one is left behind”. Measures include an increased focus on outreach services (in particular in disadvantaged areas), capacity building of health workers on adolescent-friendly and gender-responsive services, and ensuring that adolescent representatives participate in local decision-making processes on health through enhanced community engagement. The findings further reiterate the need to engage other government sectors, such as education and nutrition, to tackle the causes of early marriage and pregnancy, as well as mental and school health. As national health programmes strive to meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the targets set out in the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, integrating lessons from the Innov8 pilot helped strengthen the national programme’s ability to reach vulnerable adolescents, reduce inequities, and improve the overall health of adolescents in Nepal.
Bangladesh has the highest rate of child marriage in Asia – and the fourth highest rate of child marriage in the world. Marriage is illegal for girls under the age of 18 and for boys under 21, with exemptions that allow for marriage with special permission. However, almost three out of five young women were married as children, with more than one in five married by the age of 15 in 2014.
India has the largest number of child brides in the world — one third of the global total. Yet recent data indicates that in the last decade there has been a significant decline in the prevalence of child marriage among women now in a particular age range.
Nepal has one of the highest rates of child marriage in Asia – for both girls and boys. Although the legal age of unions for both sexes is 20, more than a third of young women aged 20-24 report that they were married by the age of 18, and just over one in ten by 15.
Keywords: adolescent, girls, health, education, protection, legal and policy