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Fisherfolk have consistently fallen through the net of many HIV research initiatives, particularly after the first HIV cases discovered among the fishing communities in the Ugandan Rakai district in 1982. To date in Southeast Asia, there are still only a handful of scientifically rigorous, peer-reviewed research initiatives targeting fishermen that is representative of their communities and gives an overall view of their vulnerability.
This report highlights the current issues of child labour in Thailand’s fishing and seafood industry, focusing especially on cases from Samut Sakhon province with the aim to examine their employment conditions, environment and working conditions. Meanwhile, the research team gathered opinions and recommendations from various sectors to promote appropriate regulations and policies in order to safeguard migrant children’s rights, provide better opportunities, lift social standards, improve working conditions, and generally protect migrant child labourers in the fishing and seafood industries. In conclusion, Labour Rights Promotion Network Foundation (LPN) employed both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to highlight basic statistics and case studies of migrant children and child labourers in seafood processing industry which reflect concerns over their current employment and working conditions as well as living conditions.
The objective of this report is to provide a better understanding of the recruitment, living and working conditions of fishermen and the extent of exploitation and abuse in the Thai fishing sector. The report reviews the legislative and regulatory framework governing the fishing sector and the recruitment of fishermen and its implementation, highlighting certain gaps which enable traffickers to operate in the sector and lead to abusive labour conditions. The report also examines protection and support services accessible by victims of trafficking.
|The government of Maldives recognizes the central role of HIV surveillance in response to the epidemic. The 2006 Situational Assessment of the HIV situation in the country found that one of the gaps of the national response to HIV/AIDS is the existence of an active surveillance system that serves as early warning device to the epidemic state of the country.
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|Just over 1,500 new cases of HIV/AIDS, most involving sexual transmission, have been reported since January 1984. Surveillance data indicates that prevalence rates are low even among the most vulnerable groups. Awareness of ways to prevent HIV transmission remains high, but has not been translated to behavior change. Less than half of the at-risk population groups report consistent condom usage. Injecting drug use among some deep sea fishermen and freelance sex workers in General Santos City was unexpectedly high.
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