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HIV behavioural surveillance among at risk target populations is an essential tool in measuring HIV behavioural risk factors and providing information of the effectiveness of programmes and interventions in preventing HIV infection. To better understand the risk of HIV infection among the male clients of female sex workers (MCFSW) population, it was included as one of the five major at-risk populations in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS) implemented since 2013. The survey was repeated in 2015 via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, clients, sexual behaviours, testing, VCT sites
Despite some clear progress in the past decade, governments in the region have struggled to sustainably reverse and control the HIV epidemic. In 2008, the Commission on AIDS in Asia outlined elements of a dramatic new response to HIV in the region. One critical recommendation was that countries should target their prevention efforts strategically to focus on reaching 80 per cent of the key affected populations, namely sex workers, people who use drugs, transgender persons and men who have sex with men. The Commission’s recommendation was based on an acknowledgement of the reality of the shape of the epidemic in Asia.
Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, sex workers, clients, IDU, MSM, stigma
The regional report of this multi-country study contains findings and recommendations to address violence experienced by sex workers in Asia. Sex workers experience extreme physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence at work, in health care and custodial settings, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes. This violence denies sex workers their fundamental human rights — to equal protection under the law; protection against torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment; and their right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. Research is increasingly demonstrating how violence contributes to the spread of HIV. In Asia, the HIV epidemic remains concentrated among key populations, including sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men and transgender people. Realizing the human rights of female, male and transgender sex workers requires an understanding of the intersecting factors that affect their safety and their protection from violence.
Keywords: HIV, sex work, treatment, PWID, MSM, transgender people, human rights
The research for this report illuminates that the community of female presenting sex workers is very complex and includes men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, and transsexuals. Their vulnerabilities to HIV and their varied health needs need to be carefully assessed, strategically targeted, and addressed. As China is in the process of drafting a new HIV/AIDS action plan for 2016-2020, now is a good opportunity to develop a specific strategy on HIV prevention and care for the transgender community.
According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
This research is the first large scale quantitative research on sex workers in Fiji. It has enabled an understanding of the nature and extent of sex work in Fiji, rates of HIV and STI infection among sex workers and their knowledge and behaviour around safer sex practices. This research will complement valuable insights gained from previous qualitative research. The findings from this research will assist in the appropriate targeting and provision of education, resources and health care services to a group previously defined by UNAIDS as a most-at-risk population. Research findings will also assist UNAIDS Pacific Office and the Ministry of Health meet both national and international reporting requirements, including reporting on the Global AIDS Response Progress Report (GARPR) and Universal Access to HIV and STI Prevention, Treatment and Care. They also provide an evidence-base to inform SAN Fiji’s three year work programme.
Keywords: IBBS, condom use, knowledge, intimate partners, clients
The meeting workshop was held at the Health Promotion Training Room, Ron Hospital. This was participated by 25 representatives from the community-based organization, youth group, health promotion unit, nursing division curative services, public health division, xxx, Joint UN Presence, DFAT, as well as, the Assistant Director of Public Health, the Acting Secretary of Health and Medical Services, the Sexual and Reproductive Health Adviser from SPC, and the Medical Officer for STI, HIV and Gender of the World Health Organization South Pacific Office and the Division of the Pacific Technical Support (DPS).
This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.
Keywords: Myanmar, Legal, PLHIV, Sex workers, MSM, Transgender, Women, Girls, Children, Young people, Key populations
The first CRiSP (Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Worker in Hong Kong) was launched in 2006 and it was repeated in 2009. HIV prevalence among female sex worker (FSW) in Hong Kong was found to be maintained at a low level in these two rounds of CRiSP, 0.19% and 0.05% respectively. Organized as a regular public health surveillance programme, a similar integrated biobehavioural survey for FSW, incorporated into the new HARiS (HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey) programme, was conducted in 2013 via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
HIV behavioural surveillance among at risk target populations is an essential tool in measuring HIV behavioural risk factors and providing information of the effectiveness of programmes and interventions in preventing HIV infection. To better understand HIV risk in the male clients of female sex workers (MCFSW) population, it was included as one of the four major at-risk populations in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS) implemented since 2013. The first survey was conducted in 2013, via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.