Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific. Godwin J. (2013)

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Increasingly, countries in the Asia-Pacific region have put in place HIV laws to provide legal protections for people living with HIV. In a follow-up to the report of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific systematically examines for the first time how these laws have been used and enforced to address rights violations. The report highlights gaps in laws and law enforcement practices. It identifies gaps that exist between ‘laws on the books’ and ‘laws on the streets’.

 

 

 

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Negotiating Positive Living: A 10-Country Study by APN+ on Issues Facing HIV-Positive MSM in the Asia Pacific. APN+. (2011)

APN Positive_MSM_Research_2011-1

This study provides a timely critique on the lack of community-centred discussions surrounding sex, sexuality, and sexual identity. The ongoing global attention on quantifiable markers to health, universal access to treatment, medication adherence and condom use, while certainly important, only skim the surface of deeper quality of life for positive MSM; which necessarily depends on looking deeper into the meanings HIV has had on the lives and stories of those who have to live with it. Thus, it has been found that positive MSM in the Asia Pacific are left to mend their lives, their sexual identities, and relate anew post-HIV with the world outside, the best they can; in many cases with minimal social or institutional support.

 

 

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Programmatic Guidance for Reducing HIV and Key Population on Stigma and Discrimination: For the Greater Mekong Region Countries of Thailand, Lao PDR and Myanmar. USAID (2012)

Reducing HIV_and_Key_Population_on_Stigma_and_Discrimination_Thailand_Lao_Myanmar_2012-1

Tackling S&D for improved HIV prevention and treatment is particularly critical in GMR countries of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar and Thailand, given that the epidemic is concentrated and growing amongst groups who face not only HIV-related S&D, but also the underlying and HIV-associated stigmas of sex work, drug use, gender identity, and same-sex relationships. 

 

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Meeting Report - Consultation on The Memorandum of Understanding to Reduce HIV Vulnerability Associated with Population Movement. UNDP, Joint United Nations Initiative on Mobility and HIV in South East Asia, and ADB. (2012)

GMSMOU Consultation_Meeting_Report_2012-1

The key formal output of this meeting is an agreed Joint Action Plan, built from the draft JAP produced in September 2011, which will be presented for endorsement during the 11th Meeting of GMS Working Group on Human Resource Development, to be held in Myanmar on 4-5 October 2012. In addition, the joint priorities detailed in the JAP now provide a useful tool to assist participating government and civil society representatives from the GMS region to make a more coordinated effort to address HIV Vulnerability related to population movement. Participants’ identification of key challenges and gaps in access and provision of health and HIV services for migrants in the region will also assist ADB and UNDP APRC, through JUNIMA, to identify priority areas for further collaboration.

 

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Index of Stigma and Discrimination against People Living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. Thai Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (2009)

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This research study on index of stigma and discrimination against HIV-positive people was aimed to promote and support the advocacy of human rights issues in Thailand. It was implemented by the Thai Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (TNP+) and supported by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The research team comprises lecturers from the Faculty of Arts, Ubon Ratchathani University and 13 members of HIV-positive networks from all regions of Thailand. The preparatory process began in February 2009. A total of 233 respondents were recruited, of whom 148 were women, 57 were men and 28 were of other sexual diversity. The data collection process was completed in June 2009. The initial analysis was presented to members of all the 7 positive networks at regional assemblies during September 2009 – January 2010. 

 

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Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations: Muti-City Initiative Bangkok, Chengdu, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta, Manila, Yangon. USAID, UNDP, UNAIDS, et al (2010)

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In response to the alarming growth in HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons (TG) in Asia, a broad coalition of United Nations partners, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and its cooperating agencies, national AIDS programs, city governments and MSM and transgender community-based organizations joined together in a unique partnership called the MSM and TG Multi-City HIV Initiative. 

 

 

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Hit and Run: The Impact of Anti Trafficking Policy and Practice on Sex Worker’s Human Rights in Thailand. Empower Foundation (2012)

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Empower is a Thai sex worker organization started by Ms Chantawipa Apisuk, a group of sex workers and activists in Patpong, Bangkok’s in 1984.In 2010 Empower decided to undertake a nation-wide community research project to identify and document the impact of the current Thai anti-trafficking law, policy and practice, on sex workers in Thailand, and to develop relevant and achievable solutions. There were 206 Thai and migrant sex workers had become part of the RATS-W project; leading the research consultations, interviewing, giving expert testimony, investigating and undertaking the analysis and preliminary documentation. The 206 sex workers who worked on the project can be divided into 170 research partners; 36 research leaders coordinated by a research working team of four. They are all referred to herein as research leaders,research partners or sex workers interchangeably.

 

 

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Towards Universal Access: Examples of Municipal HIV Programming for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender Persons in Six Asian Cities. Berry S and McCallum L (2011)

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‘Men who have sex with men’ and the corresponding acronym ‘MSM’ refer to all men who engage in homosexual behaviour, regardless of gender identity, motivation for engaging in sex, or identification with any particular ‘community’. The words ‘man’ and ‘sex’ are interpreted differently in diverse cultures and societies as well as by the individuals involved. As a result, the term MSM covers a large variety of settings and contexts in which male to-male sex takes place. The term ‘gay’ is used by some people to refer to a sexual identity that they apply to themselves and other men that is based on the sex they have with other men.


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People Living with HIV Stigma Index Asia Pacific Regional Report 2011. Cameron S, Wilson J, Hows J, et al. (2011)

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This report provides findings from the rollout of the People Living with HIV Stigma Index (PLHIV Stigma Index) in nine countries in the Asia/Pacific Region (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand). It provides the first large-scale regional comparison of standardised HIV-related stigma indicators. The results represent an extraordinary effort by people living with HIV, PLHIV organisations and supporting domestic and international agencies.


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Increasing Access and Uptake of HIV Testing and Counseling Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Thailand. Kai S and Escobar MC (2011)

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USAID/RDMA supports a range of community-based programs in Thailand. These programs are focused on increasing knowledge of and access to HIV prevention and care programs among most-at-risk-populations (MARPs). The government of Thailand has recently approved a USAID initiative to implement demonstration projects that will provide same-day, rapid HTC for MSM. This group includes male sex workers (MSWs), MSM, men who have sex with men and women, and male-to-female transgender people (TG). The overall goal of the demonstration projects is to increase access to and uptake of HTC services among MSM and will be implemented and monitored for approximately two years. If the HTC models implemented during the demonstration projects prove successful, similar models could be adapted and scaled up in other provinces with the assistance of GFATM. 


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