Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific. Godwin J. (2013)


Increasingly, countries in the Asia-Pacific region have put in place HIV laws to provide legal protections for people living with HIV. In a follow-up to the report of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific systematically examines for the first time how these laws have been used and enforced to address rights violations. The report highlights gaps in laws and law enforcement practices. It identifies gaps that exist between ‘laws on the books’ and ‘laws on the streets’.




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Vietnam Report 2010 - Behavioral Survey of Injecting Drug Users in Vietnam. Khanh VN, Tung PD, Mundy G, et al (2012).

PSI IDU Behavior Survey 2010-1

Data was collected via individual face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire. The survey was conducted with a sample of male injecting drug users (IDUs), using a respondent driven sampling method.

A total of 1,094 injecting drug users were interviewed for the behavior survey. An injecting drug user (for this study) was defined as any male who had injected in the past 1 month and who are aged between 18-40 years.



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Negotiating Positive Living: A 10-Country Study by APN+ on Issues Facing HIV-Positive MSM in the Asia Pacific. APN+. (2011)

APN Positive_MSM_Research_2011-1

This study provides a timely critique on the lack of community-centred discussions surrounding sex, sexuality, and sexual identity. The ongoing global attention on quantifiable markers to health, universal access to treatment, medication adherence and condom use, while certainly important, only skim the surface of deeper quality of life for positive MSM; which necessarily depends on looking deeper into the meanings HIV has had on the lives and stories of those who have to live with it. Thus, it has been found that positive MSM in the Asia Pacific are left to mend their lives, their sexual identities, and relate anew post-HIV with the world outside, the best they can; in many cases with minimal social or institutional support.



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Meeting Report - Consultation on The Memorandum of Understanding to Reduce HIV Vulnerability Associated with Population Movement. UNDP, Joint United Nations Initiative on Mobility and HIV in South East Asia, and ADB. (2012)

GMSMOU Consultation_Meeting_Report_2012-1

The key formal output of this meeting is an agreed Joint Action Plan, built from the draft JAP produced in September 2011, which will be presented for endorsement during the 11th Meeting of GMS Working Group on Human Resource Development, to be held in Myanmar on 4-5 October 2012. In addition, the joint priorities detailed in the JAP now provide a useful tool to assist participating government and civil society representatives from the GMS region to make a more coordinated effort to address HIV Vulnerability related to population movement. Participants’ identification of key challenges and gaps in access and provision of health and HIV services for migrants in the region will also assist ADB and UNDP APRC, through JUNIMA, to identify priority areas for further collaboration.


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Analysis of Services to Address Gender-based Violence in Three Countries. Kai S. (2012)

Findings Report_Analysis_of_Services_to_Address_Gender_based_Violence_3_Countries-1

A core principle of the PEPFAR II strategy is to support the long-term sustainability of HIV-related prevention, treatment, care, and support programs and to scale up promising and innovative programs and practices. Breaking the links between HIV infection and GBV requires targeted interventions to foster changes in individual and community norms that perpetuate violence against women and other vulnerable groups (Gardsbane 2010; Interagency Gender Working Group of USAID 2008; Orndorff and Natividad 2009). 



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Learn about Your Rights - Training Manual on HIV and the Law. Hien BT, Thu LTH, Nga PTT, and et al. (2012)

HIV Vietnam_manual-1

The purpose of the training manual on HIV and the Law is to provide guidance on how to raise awareness of the rights of PLHIV, people affected by HIV and key affected populations, and how to share information with the legal and PLHIV communities about how to seek justice when those rights are violated.


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Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam - Round II 2009. Hoang T.V, Tuan NA, Vi LNL, et al. (2011)

Vietnam IBBS_Round_II_2009-1

From June 2009 to February 2010, Vietnam’s second round of integrated HIV/STI biological and behavioral surveillance (IBBS) was conducted among select population groups in Hanoi, Hai Phong, Quang Ninh, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, An Giang, Da Nang, Nghe An, Yen Bai, Dong Nai, Dien Bien and Lao Cai. The IBBS utilized community-based sampling to estimate the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) and to provide indicators of risk behaviors and intervention exposure among most-at-risk populations (MARP). These included injecting drug users (IDU), female sex workers (FSW), and men who have sex with men (MSM).




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Expanding Long Term Financing Options for HIV in Viet Nam. UNAIDS (2012)

VN Expanding2

Vietnam has achieved considerable success in scaling up its programmatic response to address the HIV/AIDS pandemic in recent years. However while public agencies and civil society organisations have played a key role in this success, 74% of total resources have come from development partners. 



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Viet Nam National AIDS Spending Assessment 2008-2010. UNAIDS (2012)


This report is a compiled analysis of two National AIDS Spending Assessments (NASA) conducted in 2010 and 2011 in Viet Nam by a team of consultants hired by UNAIDS Vietnam, with the support from Viet Nam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control. The first NASA captured AIDS expenditure by nearly all national and international funding sources in Viet Nam over the two-year period 2008 to 2009, while the second NASA captured this expenditure for 2010. The two NASA track the resources of health services as well as social-mitigation, education, labour, justice and other sectors to embody the multisectoral response in Viet Nam. Through its findings, the NASA aim to inform and support the development of Viet Nam’s new National Strategy on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control to 2020, with a vision to 2030. 



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Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations: Muti-City Initiative Bangkok, Chengdu, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta, Manila, Yangon. USAID, UNDP, UNAIDS, et al (2010)


In response to the alarming growth in HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons (TG) in Asia, a broad coalition of United Nations partners, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and its cooperating agencies, national AIDS programs, city governments and MSM and transgender community-based organizations joined together in a unique partnership called the MSM and TG Multi-City HIV Initiative. 



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