Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific. Godwin J. (2013)


Increasingly, countries in the Asia-Pacific region have put in place HIV laws to provide legal protections for people living with HIV. In a follow-up to the report of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, Legal Protections against HIV-related Human Rights Violations: Experiences and Lessons Learned from National HIV Laws in Asia and the Pacific systematically examines for the first time how these laws have been used and enforced to address rights violations. The report highlights gaps in laws and law enforcement practices. It identifies gaps that exist between ‘laws on the books’ and ‘laws on the streets’.




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Negotiating Positive Living: A 10-Country Study by APN+ on Issues Facing HIV-Positive MSM in the Asia Pacific. APN+. (2011)

APN Positive_MSM_Research_2011-1

This study provides a timely critique on the lack of community-centred discussions surrounding sex, sexuality, and sexual identity. The ongoing global attention on quantifiable markers to health, universal access to treatment, medication adherence and condom use, while certainly important, only skim the surface of deeper quality of life for positive MSM; which necessarily depends on looking deeper into the meanings HIV has had on the lives and stories of those who have to live with it. Thus, it has been found that positive MSM in the Asia Pacific are left to mend their lives, their sexual identities, and relate anew post-HIV with the world outside, the best they can; in many cases with minimal social or institutional support.



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2011 Cambodia STI Survey - Female Entertainment Workers. Phalkun M. (2013)

Cambodia STI Sentinel Survey 2011-1

Primary objective:
•To determine national prevalence estimates of and related risk behaviors for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, syphilis, HIV and Hepatitis B among Female Entertainment Workers.

Secondary objectives:
•To provide data for program planning and management of STI control and prevention programs for FEWs and their clients.
•To validate the current clinical algorithm for presumptive treatment of FEWs and explore alternative algorithms for improved sensitivity and specificity (results are not presented at this time).



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Annual Report 2011. Ministry of Health, Cambodia. (2012)

Cambodia Annual_Report_2011-1

This report describes the achievement of program implementation on HIV/AIDS and STI prevention, care, support and treatment during the year 2011. The report is intended to aggregate data and information collected from all OI/ART, VCCT, Family Health Clinics, HBC, and PMTCT sites from the whole country to be represented as the National Comprehensive Report for the health sector response to HIV/AIDS and STI in Cambodia. The following sections reported the main three program areas implemented for this year that are including: A) General Report related to Programme management and implementation; B) Results from health service deliveries; C) Financial Report for descript the financial disbursements against the yearly budget plan; D) Procurement of OI/ARV Drugs, E) Challenges etc. 



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Harm Reduction Model of Comprehensive Drop in Center for People who Use Drugs. Sovannary T and Sopheab H. (2012)

Comprehensive drop_in_center_for_PWID_2012-1

An operational research was conducted to assess the innovative model of the Center, identify barriers, challenges and lessons learned during program implementation. This report details on the findings of the research. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in the operational research. The quantitative data was collected from KMDC’s monitoring and evaluation (M & E) database and reports. The qualitative data was collected from interviews and focused group discussions (FGD) with more than 30 respondents, ranging from key informants to PWUD/PWID, in an effort to obtain a comprehensive picture of the KMDC. Desk reviews and consultative meetings were also used to complement this study. 



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Costs and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Prevention and Impact Mitigation Interventions in Cambodia. National AIDS Authority, Cambodia. (2012)

Cost effective_HIV_prevention_interventions_2012-1

This report is aimed at assisting in building the case for the need for significant improvements across prevention and impact mitigation interventions leading to a “value for money”, cost-effective national response. Each of the main sections in this report are focused on key affected populations—Entertainment Workers (EW) who sell sex, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people (TG) and injecting drug users (IDUs). Each population section goes through the assumptions and results of both the costing and cost-effectiveness analyses for each group.




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Mid-term Review of the Integrated Care and Prevention Project (ICP) Regarding People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). Sopheab H, Chhorvann C, and Sovannary T. (2010)

midterm review_care_prevention_PLHIV_2010-1

With funding support from the European Commission (EC), the ICP project has been implemented since 2007 in Prey Veng, Kampong Chnnang, and Kampong Speu provinces. The project consists of homebased care (HBC); facilitation of access to care and treatment; provision of socio-economic support to PLHIV, OVC and their families; and stigma and discrimination reduction faced by PLHIV and OVC. Reviewing and documenting the mid-term project, relating to all relevant information regarding project implementation, is crucial in order to monitor progress and provide feedback to the project planner and implementer, so that revised interventions and better project implementation can be made.



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National AIDS Spending Assessment - NASA III (2009-2010). National AIDS Authority Cambodia. (2012)

NASA 2009-10_Cambodia-1

The National AIDS Authority (NAA), as part of its mandate to monitor and evaluate the national response to HIV and AIDS in Cambodia, conducted the third National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA III) in early 2011. The assessment covered 2009 and 2010, and together with data obtained in the two previous NASA rounds, has allowed for analysis of trends in resource flows from 2006 to 2010. The three assessments have produced valuable data which are used to monitor Cambodia’s National Strategic Plan for Comprehensive and Multi sectoral Response to HIV and AIDS (NSP) and to report on expenditures nationally and globally.



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Social Return on Investment Doing More with Less: Evidence Based Operational Research on the KHANA Integrated Care and Prevention Project in Cambodia. Phnom Penh, KHANA. Tong L, H Sopheab, Tuot S. (2012)

Doing more_with_less_2012-1

Cambodia has been praised for its success in slowing its HIV epidemic: by 2010 HIV prevalence had fallen to 0.8% from a peak of over 2% a decade before [1]. Outstanding national leadership and commitment was recognised through a Millennium Development Goal Award in 2010, when Cambodia reached its universal access target for antiretroviral treatment. The focus now needs to be on ensuring the most effective use of resources whilst maintaining a strong impact at the national level.

KHANA is the largest national non-governmental organisation (NGO) providing HIV prevention, care and support services in Cambodia. Initially established in 1996 as a project of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, KHANA became an NGO in its own right in 1997. In 2008 it went through the International HIV/AIDS Alliance accreditation process, and was the first Alliance partner to receive full endorsement as an accredited member.




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Cambodia - Addressing HIV Vulnerabilities of Indirect Sex Workers During the Financial Crisis: Situation Analysis, Strategies and Entry Points for HIV/AIDS Workplace Education. Poetschka N, San LS, Song LK, and Thao C. (2011)

Cambodia Addressing_HIV_vulnerabilities_of_indirect_sw_during_financial_crisis_2011-1

This research paper is the first step towards developing a tailor-made, focused intervention on HIV/AIDS for indirect sex workers in Phnom Penh, using the structure of their formal entertainment sector workplaces.

This approach follows the recommendations of the recent report from the Commission on AIDS in Asia, which UNAIDS and its co-sponsors are using as a framework for all HIV programmes throughout the region. As the Commission suggests, by implementing best practice intervention packages with most-at-risk populations “New infections will fall steadily, and regional HIV prevalence will begin to fall slowly.” (Commission on AIDS in Asia, 2008)



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