- Country profiles
- Data dashboard
- Satellite Pages
- About us
- WHAT'S NEW
The transmission of HIV among injecting drug users and related populations of sex workers, youth and other vulnerable people is greatly adding to the burden of disease in countries worldwide. Evidence from 20 years of research shows that needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) prevent, control and ultimately reduce prevalence of HIV and other blood-borne infections among injecting drug users.
The handbook has been written for criminal justice officials, non-governmental organizations, and members of the community who are working to reduce over-reliance on imprisonment; to improve the delivery of justice, including rehabilitation and reintegration; and to integrate international human rights-based standards and norms into local policies and practices.
As a consequence of the first recorded case of HIV in 1984, the Department of Health issued several Administrative and Memorandum circulars to address concerns surrounding HIV/AIDS.
This is the report of the third joint antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme review for Thailand since the programme started in 1992. Based on the recommendations of the first review held in 1995, the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH), Thailand started a pilot programme for the prevention of mother-tochild transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in north-east and northern Thailand, along with the establishment of a HIV/AIDS clinical research network. This was followed, in 2000, by large-scale implementation of the national PMTCT programme in public hospitals.
The survey results highlighted the fact that misconceptions about HIV and AIDS are widespread. For example, only around one third of respondents stated that the virus cannot be spread through mosquito bites and close to half of all respondents did not agree that AIDS cannot be transmitted through supernatural means.
The OSSHHM recommendations are intended to provide a guide to countries managing STIs and HIV. Countries are free to use the recommendations in a manner that is appropriate for their settings. There are plans to further develop specific chapters of interest for health workers. Finally, OSSHHM expects to use the recommendations to guide the development of specific resources to guide treatment and care based on the needs of health workers.
The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) consists of five islands and 29 atolls with a population of approximately 52,000 people.
Tuvalu has one of the highest per capita rates of HIV in the Pacific, with a total of 11 cases of HIV to date. The Tuvalu National AIDS Committee (TUNAC) is the national coordinating body which works to halt the spread of HIV and AIDS in Tuvalu. There is almost universal knowledge of HIV amongst the adult Tuvaluan population (99% of men and 97% of women). More detailed knowledge of HIV and AIDS and how to prevent transmission is slightly less widespread, but still reasonably high.
This mapping study was conducted in seven districts of Pakistan (Karachi, Larkana, Quetta, Faisalabad, Lahore, Mardan and Peshawar) to map adolescents aged 10 – 19 years found on the streets, in automobile workshops or in carpet weaving factories. The assumption was made when choosing the three groups of adolescents – on the streets or in automobile workshops or carpet weaving factories - that due to certain vulnerability factors such as lack of parental guidance and disposable income, these adolescents would either be especially vulnerable (EVA) or most at risk (MARA) for HIV infection.
Second Generation HIV Surveillance (SGS) are aiming to develop and enhance existing surveillance system for sexually transmitted infections (STI), HIV/AIDS and behavioural surveillance systems. The outcome should be high quality epidemiological data to support the design and evaluation of interventions. The implementation of specific HIV programs such as the Second Generation Surveillance survey of risk behaviours, targeting all unmarried youths on each atoll is an initiative that can contribute to address issues related to sexual health for the young people of Tokelau.
Keywords: HIV, condom, MSM, STI, testing, drug