Scaling up of Collaborative TB/HIV Activities in Concentrated HIV Epidemic Settings - A Case Study from India. WHO. (2015)


WHO recommends implementation of collaborative TB/HIV activities to reduce burden of HIV associated TB. There has been considerable scale-up in implementation of these activities globally over past one decade. However the levels of implementation differ depending on type of HIV epidemic, high, low or concentrated. Although the scale-up of TB/HIV interventions in high burden countries has been substantial, countries with low and concentrated HIV epidemic struggled to achieve national coverage. The key challenges being gaps in infrastructure and resources for tuberculosis and HIV care. India has a concentrated HIV epidemic but carries third highest burden of HIV associated TB in the world. This case study provides practical tips and insights to facilitate national scale-up of collaborative TB/HIV activities 


Keywords: HIV, prevention, control, TB service, ART, testing

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