Recommendations on the Diagnosis of HIV Infection in Infants and Children. WHO (2006)

Recommendations on the Diagnosis of HIV Infection in Infants and Children. WHO (2006) The majority of HIV infected children acquire the virus from their HIV infected mothers around the time of delivery or during breastfeeding. The most efficient and cost effective way to tackle paediatric HIV globally is, therefore, to reduce mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). However, every day there are nearly 1500 new infections in children under 15 years of age, more than 90% occurring in the developing world. HIV-infected infants frequently present with clinical symptoms in the first year of life, by one year of age an estimated one-third of infected infants will have died, and about half by 2 years of age. Early recognition of HIV exposure and diagnosis of HIV is crucial and can save lives by enabling early initiation of appropriate care including ART.

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