Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission in Prisons. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission in Prisons. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) The rates of HIV infection among inmates of prisons and other detention centres in many countries are significantly higher than those in the general population. Examples include countries in Western and Eastern Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia. The available data on HIV infection rates in prisons cover inmates who were infected outside the institutions before imprisonment and persons who were infected inside the institutions through the sharing of contaminated injection equipment or through unprotected sex. Certain populations that are highly vulnerable to HIV infection have a heightened probability of incarceration because of their involvement in behaviours such as drug use and sex work.

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