Multi-level Risk and Protective Factors and HIV-related Risk Behaviours among Young Men who Have Sex with Men (YMSM) in Myanmar. UNESCO and Ministry of Health, Myanmar. (2015)


This report presents findings from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2013–2014 among young (18 to 28 years) men who have sex with men (YMSM) in Yangon and Monywa, Myanmar. The primary objective of these surveys was to measure risk and protective factors and HIV related risk behaviours within this population. 200 YMSM were recruited in Yangon and 200 in Monywa using respondent driven sampling (RDS). RDS is a chain-referral sampling method specifically designed to obtain probability-based samples of hard-to-reach populations that are socially networked. Sampling was initiated with seven seeds (initial non-randomly selected members of the survey population) in Yangon and four seeds in Monywa. Eligible YMSM who enrolled in the survey were screened, provided consent and then given a face-to-face interview about their background, sexual identity, sexual history, affiliations with organizations, relationships with family, sexual health and HIV testing.

Keywords: HIV, counseling and testing, sexual behaviors, family, stigma and discrimination

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