- Country profiles
- Data dashboard
- Satellite Pages
- About us
- WHAT'S NEW
This meeting report highlights the discussions held with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) and AIDS advocates regarding the current epidemiological situation of HIV among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM), how to improve their access to HIV treatment, and the health and human rights challenges they face. The report also highlights recommendations made by participants to help inform the actions to be taken by UNAIDS and partners in meeting the HIV treatment and health needs of gay men and other MSM.
The objectives of the workshop were to identify the laws hindering the AIDS response and build consensus on reforms needed to create an enabling legal environment for access to HIV services and to chalk out a time bound action plan identifying priorities for the amendment of punitive and discriminatory legal environment that are impeding AIDS responses.
The consultation was attended by 82 participants. The inaugural session, which was attended by eminent personalities, expressed the need for the timely intervention, while the overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Bangladesh painted a vivid picture to the participants in understanding the gravity of the AIDS epidemic and limitations of the current response.
This paper will first outline the overall human rights situation with regard to people of diverse SOGI, and HIV. The second section focuses on the mandate and powers of the NHRC. The third section, against the backdrop of the first two sections, details the NHRC’s rights reporting mechanisms and initiatives on inclusion, the right to health, SOGI and HIV.
Sexual minority groups in India have long been subject to criminalisation, discrimination, virulent social stigma and harassment. Numerous reports, accounts, and narratives document the wide range of human rights violations faced by MSM and transgender people in India. These violations increase manifold the vulnerability of these groups to HIV. Additionally, the criminalisation, discrimination, stigma faced by MSM and transgender are major barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.
One of the principles of human rights is the right to be free from discrimination. The concept of human rights states that human beings are born equal and equivalent. In regard to this principle of non-discrimination, the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community and people with HIV can be categorized as a group vulnerable to human rights violation. Within the concept of human rights, the state must take affirmative action on behalf of vulnerable groups.
In 2011, Indonesia ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Article 2, paragraph 2 states that:
"States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to guarantee that the rights set forth in the present Covenant will be exercised without discrimination of any kind as to race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other views, national origin or social origin, property, birth or other status.”
The National Human Rights Commission of Nepal (NHRC) has taken a special interest in protecting and promoting the rights of LGBTI people through its plans, policies and activities. For example, the NHRC has expressly included LGBTI rights in its Strategic Plan. The NHRC has actively monitored and investigated human rights violations against LGBTI people and conducted activities developing capacity, raising awareness and advocating for the rights of LGBTI people. In order to undertake these activities, the NHRC has appointed an LGBTI focal person.
This report reviews rights reporting mechanisms and organizations with a mandate to address human rights in Pakistan, with a view to considering the availability and accessibility of such mechanisms for the community of people of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI).
This report will consider the newly established National Commission for Human Rights, State institutions with a human rights mandate and a small number of non-governmental bodies with a human rights mandate. The scope of this report does not extend to consider rights reporting mechanisms to the extent they are available through police and law enforcement agencies.
Since 2010, the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines (CHR or Commission) has embarked on several initiatives to define its human rights programs on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) and HIV. This report looks into the progress that the CHR has made in the areas of SOGI and HIV, maps out potential challenges it may encounter, and proposes actions to help the Commission move forward.
The Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka (HRCSL or Commission) is tasked with the difficult mandate of addressing human rights issues in a country emerging from decades of intrastate conflict. While HRCSL data indicates that since the end of the civil war in May 2009, complaints related to violations of civil liberties have decreased;1 there is still considerable pressure from national and international human rights advocates, for Sri Lanka to address rights violations that occurred during the conflict. In post-conflict Sri Lanka, the HRCSL faces an increasing number of complaints regarding school admissions, land problems and government inactivity.
Since gaining independence in 2002, the people and State of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste have strived towards greater political and socio-economic development. This collective optimism is evidenced in the National Development Plan (2011-2030), which highlights the need for development of social capital in areas including education and training, health and social inclusion.