Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey (IBBS) among Male Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in Pokhara. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, FHI, et al (2005)

Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey (IBBS) among Male Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) In Pokhara. FHI and USAID (2005) HIV transmission among drug users is associated with injecting drug use that involves the sharing of needles or syringes. Risky sexual behavior associated with drug use also contributes to the spread of HIV. Injecting drug users function as a “bridging population” for HIV transmission between a core HIV risk group, other high-risk groups and the general population. The main objective of this study was “to estimate the prevalence rate of HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs) and assess their risky behavior". The study was conducted in the Pokhara Valley. Three hundred male IDUs were sampled using the respondent driven sampling (RDS) methodology. While structured questionnaires were used to collect behavioral data, clinical blood tests were used to determine the rate of HIV infection. The clinical test procedure used involved collecting blood from a subject’s pricked finger and then storing it in 2-4 capillary tubes until tests could be performed. In order to determine a participant's infection status, a rapid test kit algorithm was used in which two rapid tests (Capillus and Determine) were initially conducted with Uni-Gold reserved as a tie-breaker. In terms of socio-demographic characteristics, the study found that the median age of the IDUs was 23 years. This is almost similar to the findings of the first round of the survey. A majority of the IDUs had never been married. For the 34% of the IDUs who were ever married, the median age at marriage was 20 years. A majority of the IDUs had formal schooling. IDUs from different ethnic backgrounds participated in the study.

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