HIV/AIDS Epidemic in India: Risk Factors, Risk Behavior & Strategies for Prevention & Control. Godbole S and Mehendale S (2005)

HIV/AIDS Epidemic in India: Risk Factors, Risk Behavior & Strategies for Prevention & Control. Godbole S and Mehendale S (2005) Since the first report of HIV infection in India in 1986, the virus has spread all over the country although there is geographic variation. There are estimated 5.1 million people infected with HIV with an overall estimated adult prevalence below 1 per cent. Surveys carried out in different sub-populations have yielded prevalence estimates, but data on HIV incidence are limited. Both HIV serotypes 1 and 2 exist in India and HIV-1 C is the commonest subtype reported. Sexual transmission of HIV is most predominant. Spread of HIV in intravenous drug use settings is localized mostly in the north eastern region and metropolitan cities and parent to child transmission is on the rise.

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