Guidance Note: Services for People in Prisons and Other Closed Settings. UNAIDS. (2014)


All modes of transmission occurring in the broader community (blood-borne, sexual and vertical transmission) also occur in prisons. HIV is transmitted in prison settings through the sharing of contaminated injecting equipment among people who inject drugs; consensual or coerced unsafe sexual practices including rape; unsafe skin piercing and tattooing practices as well as body modifications; and blood-borne transmission resulting from the sharing of shaving razors, so-called brotherhood blood-sharing rituals and the improper sterilization or reuse of medical or dental instruments.

Keywords: HIV, TB, epidemiology, policy and legal framework, gender, human rights



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