Under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) according to the National HIV Surveillance Plan for generating the strategic information needed for guiding and monitoring the national response to HIV and AIDS, since 2002 Nepal has been successfully carrying out IBBS surveys among People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs).
The latest round (round VI, 2015) of the IBBS survey was conducted among PWIDs within the Kathmandu Valley with coverage of 340 sample size, funded by TI Pooled Fund, under the leadership of NCASC and in close collaboration with key stakeholders. The survey was carried out primarily to track the trends in the prevalence of HIV and syphilis infection among male PWIDs and to assess their sexual and injecting behaviors. The surveys also explored the respondents’ knowledge of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI), the presence of STI symptoms, sexual and injecting behaviors, and exposure to HIV programs. For the first time in IBBS history this round has introduced Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis B (HBV) test and its prevalence among PWIDs.
Keywords: Nepal, Kathmandu Valley, HIV, IBBS, PWID, needle/syringe, condom