Counselling and Voluntary HIV Testing for Pregnant Women in High HIV Prevalence Countries: Elements and Issues. UNAIDS (2001)

Counselling and Voluntary HIV Testing for Pregnant Women in High HIV Prevalence Countries: Elements and Issues. UNAIDS (2001) For many years, little was known about preventing transmission of HIV infection from mother to child. Recently, however, many advances have been made in developing effective and affordable interventions that reduce the likelihood that a woman will pass HIV on to her baby. The two most important interventions—the provision of antiretroviral drugs and the avoidance of breastfeeding—only apply to HIV-positive women. Both therefore require that a woman know whether she is infect- ed by HIV. And yet in developing countries, where 95% of mother-to-child infections take place, there are very few counselling and testing services that allow a woman to find out her HIV status.

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