Controlling STI and HIV in Cambodia: The Success of Condom Promotion. WHO and National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia (2001)

Controlling STI and HIV in Cambodia: The Success of Condom Promotion. WHO and National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia (2001) Since the first HIV infections were detected and diagnosed in 1991, and the first AIDS cases in 1993, Cambodia has faced the rapid spread of HIV. The major route of HIV transmission in the country is heterosexual contact, especially through the use of brothels or entertainment places by males away from their families, without the protection of always using a condom in every sexual act. Starting among high-risk groups, such as brothel- based and entertainment-based sex workers, the virus has been passed to low-risk groups, such as housewives, with married clients of sex workers acting as the bridge group for HIV transmission.

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