Antiretroviral Medication Policy for Refugees. UNHCR (2007)

Antiretroviral Medication Policy for Refugees. UNHCR (2007) The introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the 1990s dramatically changed the prognosis of people suffering from HIV and AIDS and provided hope for millions of people around the globe. Of the 39 million people currently living with HIV in low and middle income countries, 6.5 million of them are in need of ART; however, by the end of 2005, just over 1.3 million people were receiving the treatment.1 Although ART is not a cure and there are many side-effects and concerns about resistance, ART greatly improves the quality of life by reducing morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. ART has revitalised whole communities. Not all persons who are HIV positive need ART. Rather, only those with reduced immunity, shown by clinical symptoms and signs or a specific blood test, require treatment.

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