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The World Health Organization (WHO) convened a Guideline Development Group (GDG) meeting from 29 to 31 July 2019 to review global guidance on contraceptive eligibility for women at high risk of HIV acquisition to and determine whether revisions to the fifth edition of the Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use (MEC) were needed. The issue was deemed critical, particularly for sub-Saharan Africa, given the high lifetime risk of acquiring HIV alongside the importance of hormonal contraception in offering women and adolescent girls’ choice and in reducing their risk of unintended pregnancy, a common threat to the health, well-being and lives of women and adolescent girls.
National HIV prevalence is estimated at 0.9%. It is estimated that there are 48,000 people living with HIV in PNG in 2017. Of these, around 3,000 are estimated to be new infections from the same year with sexual transmission being the leading transmission route. HIV prevalence in PNG is not uniform. The recent integrated bio-behavioural surveillance (IBBS) study revealed a prevalence of 14.9% among female sex workers and 8.5% among MSM and transgender people in NCD. It is also higher than the national average in the Highlands region and National Capital District.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, STI, TB, prevalence, data
Significant progress has been made to curb the HIV/AIDS epidemic in PNG. However, the country has the highest HIV prevalence and rate of new infections in the Asia and Pacific region. No nationwide population-based survey has been conducted to measure the true burden of the disease in the country. Estimates based on anti-natal care (ANC) attendances using Spectrum put the prevalence of HIV among adults 15 – 49 years at 0.9% (0.7 – 1.0) in 2017.
The Papua New Guinea National STI & HIV Strategy 2018–2022, is the strategic guide for the country’s response to STI and HIV at both national, provincial and district levels. The strategy addresses the drivers of the STI and HIV epidemic and builds on achievements of the previous country strategic plans to achieve its goal of contributing to the country’s Vision 2050 through universal access to comprehensive STI and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.
In May 2019, there were 1,092 newly confirmed HIV-positive individuals reported to the HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines (HARP). This was higher compared with the same period last year (950). Seventeen percent (190) had clinical manifestations of advanced HIV infection (WHO clinical stage 3 or 4) at the time of diagnosis.
The guide is intended for use by policymakers, programme managers and service providers, including community-based organizations, at the national, regional or local levels, who undertake to address HIV prevention, treatment and care. It also provides useful information for development and funding agencies and for academia.
In 2018, our regional and country programmes in Asia-Pacific UNFPA continued to accelerate the ICPD Programme of Action which in turn contributes to the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals.
Keywords: SDGs, prevention, maternal deaths, family planning, gender-based violence
Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world and home to a number of long-running conflicts. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) places women and girls at the centre of humanitarian response. This publication shares examples of how UNFPA support actions to better mitigate the risks of disasters and support humanitarian response work that is underpinned by UNFPA’s unique mandate encompassing sexual and reproductive health, gender equality, population data and youth empowerment.
Keywords: women, girls, emergency, response, sexual and reproductive health
Prepositioning has been a game-changer for UNFPA's humanitarian work across the Asia-Pacific region, improving the speed, quality and efficiency of emergency responses. This publication provides an overview of the Regional Prepositioning Initiative, UNFPA's flagship humanitarian preparedness initiative supported by Australia.
Despite the longstanding efforts of the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) in Nepal to promote maternal and neonatal health (MNH), progress has been slow for MNH service use. This analysis aimed to identify determinants of maternal health care use: antenatal care (ANC) visits, institutional delivery, and postnatal care (PNC) check-up. We analyzed 2011 and 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) data to illustrate the trend of these three outcome variables, and 2016 NDHS data alone for determinants of the outcome variables. The number of women included in the analysis was 1,440 for ANC, 1,478 for place of delivery, and 718 for PNC.