- Country profiles
- Data dashboard
- Satellite Pages
- About us
- WHAT'S NEW
The aim of this guide is to familiarize civil society to the Outcome Document of the 2016 United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the world drug problem (UNGASS 2016) and highlight the potential for civil society participation in the implementation of the operational recommendations and their respective Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The guide uses examples from UNODC’s work and from NGOs around the world to demonstrate how they support the implementation of these international commitments related to drugs – in order to make the UNGASS Outcome Document and the SDGs easily understandable for civil society organizations on the ground, and to demonstrate the linkages between them.
In February 2019, there were 1,013 newly confirmed HIV-positive individuals reported to the HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines (HARP). Fifteen percent (153) had clinical manifestations of advanced HIV infection (WHO clinical stage 3 or 4) at the time of diagnosis.
The WHO consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection recommend viral load as the preferred monitoring approach to detect and confirm the failure of antiretroviral therapy. As countries invest in scaling up of routine viral load testing, measuring the impact of and progress towards achieving the UNAIDS target that 90% of people receiving antiretroviral therapy have suppressed viral loads by 2020 (as part of the 90 –90 –90 targets) is critical.
Keywords: HIV, ART, testing, prevention, monitoring and evaluation
The WHO had received notification of 32 cases of urethral fistula following male circumcision (MC) procedures performed in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) between 2014 and 2018. While such adverse events are rare, this technical brief provides information to improve practice. This brief is based on the information from those events. It addresses the potential practices that could lead to a fistula, and measures to reduce these complications through improved understanding by practitioners.
Keywords: male circumcision, prevention, services
In 2016, WHO published updated consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection. These guidelines included recommendations on the choice of ARV drugs for first- and second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART). An efavirenz (EFV 600 mg)-based regimen was recommended as the preferred first-line regimen, with a dolutegravir (DTG)- or efavirenz (400 mg)-based regimen recommended as alternative options because of limited efficacy and safety data in pregnancy and when taken concomitantly with tuberculosis (TB) treatment. ART recommendations for children remained unchanged in 2016 compared with 2013 because of lack of approved DTG dosing for use in children.
Keywords: HIV, ART, ARV, drug resistance, diagnosis, women, infants
Population aged 60 years and above for the year 2017 is represented with 9.0% of total population in which 4.3% and 4.7% are made up of male and female population respectively.
On the residential status, the share of the Brunei Citizens was around 76.8%, Permanent Residents 7.8% and temporary Resident 15.4%. As is the case of affluent countries with small populations, the foreign proportion of the population is rather high. The relatively high number of forign population is being contributed by the number of working immigrants.
Trans people in all parts of the world are at heightened risk of violence, harassment and discrimination. Human rights violations range from bullying and verbal abuse, to denial of healthcare, education, work and housing, to criminalization, arbitrary arrest and detention, violence, assault, torture, rape and murder. Exposure to these and related abuses may be further exacerbated by other factors, such as age, ethnicity, occupation, socio-economic class and disability.
The Consolidated strategic information guidelines for viral hepatitis summarize and simplify the overall approach proposed by WHO to collect, analyse, disseminate and use strategic information on viral hepatitis at local, subnational, national and international levels.
The document describes the use of strategic information at various stages of the response in the context of strengthening broader health information systems. Strategic information can be defined as data collected at all service delivery and administrative levels to inform policy and programme decisions.
Keywords: HBV and HCV, health system, surveillance
This report presents the results of the 2017-18 Integrated Biological and Behavioural Survey (IBBS), among people who inject drugs (PWID) in selected sites in Myanmar, including a formative assessment and population size estimations. A formative assessment was conducted in September 2017 in each site to inform the implementation of the IBBS. The assessment was conducted to assess the particulars of PWID populations in each setting, to provide information to tailor RDS and PSE methods and logistic approaches to the different PWID population and epidemic context.
The objectives of the survey were to track the epidemic using behavioral risk, experience with stigma and discrimination and HIV seroprevalence markers and assess the progress of the response in terms of utilization of prevention, care and treatment services.