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These guidelines aim to provide evidence-based recommendations on the care and treatment of persons diagnosed with chronic HCV infection. They update the care and treatment section of the WHO Guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection issued in April 2016. The 2017 Guidelines on hepatitis B and C testing update the screening section.
This guide supports the use of data to identify and fill gaps in services in order to improve HIV and health programmes. Following from the Consolidated Strategic Information Guidelines, high-level indicators are organized along a cascade of services which are linked to achieve outcomes. The guide supports the ways in which these cascade data are analysed and used to identify gaps and better link services.
In the past decade, national programmes and donor-funded projects have made great progress in reaching people living with HIV with life-saving treatment in countries across the globe. Measuring success of these initiatives requires strong monitoring and evaluation systems that produce high-quality data.
Efforts to ensure data quality, therefore, are not singular events occurring randomly. Rather, these processes need to become institutionalized as part of all routine data management processes.
Keywords: HIV, data, assessment, monitoring system
These guidelines provide recommendations and good practice guidance on the optimal approach to diagnosing cryptococcal meningitis, strategies for preventing invasive cryptococcal disease through cryptococcal antigen screening and pre-emptive fluconazole therapy, treating cryptococcal meningitis with combination antifungal therapy regimens, preventing, monitoring and managing amphotericin B drug toxicity, recommendations against adjunctive therapy with systemic corticosteroids and recommendations on the timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation.
This operational guidance is based on a consultation convened by the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Emergency Nutrition Network in Geneva in September 2016, which brought together a cross-section of senior-level participants from United Nations agencies, government, nongovernmental organizations, academia, and other agencies working in nutrition and HIV in emergencies. This document sets out basic principles related to HIV and infant feeding in emergency settings, and the actions that government and other stakeholders can take to prepare for emergencies.
The International technical guidance on sexuality education (the Guidance) was developed to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based and out-of-school comprehensive sexuality education programmes and materials. It is immediately relevant for government education ministers and their professional staff, including curriculum developers, school principals and teachers. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), youth workers and young people can also use the document as an advocacy or accountability tool, for example by sharing it with decision-makers as a guide to best practices and/or for its integration within broader agendas, such as the SDGs. The Guidance is also useful for anyone involved in the design, delivery and evaluation of sexuality education programmes both in and out of school, including stakeholders working on quality education, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), adolescent health and/or gender equality, among other issues.
These new guidelines supersede previous WHO policy documents on the management of LTBI in people living with HIV, household contacts of people with active TB, other groups at risk of developing TB, and for LTBI testing. The consolidated guidelines are expected to provide the basis and rationale for the development of national guidelines for LTBI management, adapted to the national and local epidemiology of TB, the availability of resources, the health infrastructure and other national and local determinants.
Safety and people-centred health services are top priority as male circumcision is implemented to reduce the risk of HIV among men in high burden countries. WHO and Jhpiego are launching the 2018 Manual for Male Circumcision under local anesthesia and other HIV prevention services for adolescent boys and men to support the ongoing delivery of high quality services. Since the 2007 WHO and UNAIDS recommendation to add male circumcision as an intervention in a package of services to reduce men’s risk of heterosexually acquiring HIV, extensive practical experience has been gained and lessons learned.
The toolkit has three section: first is a review of safety and security challenges and their impact on HIV programming, and promising practices and recommendations to address these challenges. Secondly, three practical checklists help programme implementers systematically identify strengths and weaknesses in their efforts to protect organisations, individuals, and implementation sites. Last is an annotated bibliography of safety and security resources.
The toolkit identifies the challenges and outlines possible solutions for promoting and accelerating timely and high-quality research and development of antiretroviral drug formulations suitable for infants, children, adolescents and pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Keywords: ARV, children, drugs, paediatric