India: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up. WHO (2005)

India: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up. WHO (2005) India’s population surpassed 1 billion in 2001; 67% live in rural areas and 33% in urban areas. India is estimated to have the second largest population of people living with HIV/AIDS, next to South Africa. An estimated 5.13 million individuals currently live with HIV across all states in India. In areas that are more severely affected, the epidemic has started to challenge recent development achievements and to raise fundamental issues of human rights concerning people living with HIV/AIDS.


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Papua New Guinea: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale Up. WHO (2005)

Papua New Guinea: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale Up. WHO (2005) The first case of HIV infection in Papua New Guinea was detected in 1987. By June 2005, 12 341 people had been reported to be living with HIV/AIDS. The country is facing a generalized epidemic with rapidly increasing prevalence in a difficult socioeconomic context. A national epidemiological consensus meeting in November 2004 estimated an average prevalence rate of 1.7%, and between 25 000 and 69 000 people with 15-49 years were living with HIV/AIDS. Prevalence rates among women attending antenatal care services are estimated to vary between 1% and 4%. Available data suggests that the epidemic is predominantly transmitted through heterosexual contact (84%), fuelled by high-risk behaviour including widespread commercial and casual sex. Approximately 93.1% of current reported cases are adults.

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Vietnam: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up. WHO (2005)

Vietnam: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up. WHO (2005) Viet Nam is facing a rapidly growing HIV epidemic that is beginning to extend beyond initial concentrations in networks of injecting drug users and sex workers. The number of people living with HIV doubled between 2000 and 2005, from approximately 122 000 to 263 000. The adult HIV prevalence is estimated to be 0.5% at the national level in 2005 but exceeded 1% in several provinces. There were an estimated 37 000 new infections in 2005. Due to increased heterosexual transmission, the number of infected females compared with males is increasing each year. In 2005, the ratio was estimated to be 2 to 1, males to females. The number of AIDS-related deaths is growing and is estimated to have increased from 9000 in 2003 to 14 000 in 2005.

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Scaling Up Anti-Retroviral Treatment to (Injecting) Drug Users in Asia. Asian Harm Reduction Network (2005)

Scaling Up Anti-Retroviral Treatment to (Injecting) Drug Users in Asia. Asian Harm Reduction Network (2005) In light of the endorsement of the AIDS Care Watch Campaign, led by Health and Development Networks (HDN), the Asian Harm Reduction Network (AHRN) believes that addressing issues related to injecting drug use (IDU) and anti-retroviral treatment (ART) is essential in the Asian context. Notably, AHRN believes that the provision of ART for IDUs is a fairly recent area which has not received due attention and deserves more research and consideration.

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Indonesia: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale up. WHO (2005)

Indonesia: Summary Country Profile for HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale up. WHO (2005) The epidemic in Indonesia is concentrated, with low infection rates in the general population and high rates among certain populations, mainly injecting drug users and sex workers in some regions. Transmission among injecting drug users has increased eight-fold since 1998, and rates are as high as 70% among injecting drug users in Jakarta in 2005 (according to Kios Atmajaya, a nongovernmental organization) and 53% in Denpasar (Bali) and 26% among sex workers in one brothel in Papua.

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Scaling Up Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Poor Settings: A Selected Annotated Bibliography. WHO (2004)

Scaling Up Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Poor Settings: A Selected Annotated Bibliography. WHO (2004) This annotated bibliography is intended as a resource for policy makers, programme managers and other personnel working in HIV/AIDS control in developing countries. The aim of this bibliography is to provide representative examples of developing country’ experiences on the effectiveness and programmatic challenges for scaling up adult national antiretroviral treatment programmes.

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Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Prevention HIV Infection in Infants. WHO (2004)

Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Prevention HIV Infection in Infants. WHO (2004) HIV is the greatest health crisis the world faces today. An estimated 40 million people are now living with HIV and, in 2003, the pandemic led to 5 million new infections and claimed 3 million lives. An increasing burden is being placed on women and children, who are experiencing growing rates of AIDS-related illness and death in many settings. Globally, about half of all adults living with HIV are women and 2.5 million children are living with the virus

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Cambodia Cares: Implementing a Continuum of Care for PLHA, Including ART in Moung Russey, Cambodia. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia, FHI and USAID (2004)

Cambodia Cares: Implementing a Continuum of Care for PLHA, Including ART in Moung Russey, Cambodia. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia, FHI and USAID (2004) Mr. Nun (a pseudonym) is one of many Cambodians who suffer from AIDS. What is unique about Mr. Nun is that his physical condition is better now than it was last year and that his improvement happened after receiving HIV care and treatment from a local hospital. Mr. Nun is the beneficiary of a new collaborative initiative in Moung Russey Operational District (OD) between the district health services, the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD (NCHADS), communities, people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), and international and local non-government organizations.

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Report of the Paediatric HIV Consultation. UNICEF (2004)

Report of the Paediatric HIV Consultation. UNICEF (2004) On October 20, 2004, 29 representatives from three countries and more than a dozen international and supranational organizations and hospitals attended the Consultation on Accelerating Support for Paediatric HIV Care, Support and Treatment in Thailand and Neighboring Countries within the Context of the 3 x 5 Initiative.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guideline_on_digital_interventions_for_health_system_strengthening_2019.pdf
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