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The Annual Report of SAARC TB and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC) is being presented indicating the programmes, activities and achievements of the year 2017. This is the Twenty-second consecutive comprehensive Annual Report STAC. This report includes a summary of the activities carried out by the Centre for the year 2017 along with introduction, goals, objectives, vision, mission and achievements of the Centre.
This document summarizes the proceedings of the Regional HIV Forum for the Pacific Island Countries and Territories 2018. The forum was the first event of its kind in the Western Pacific, bringing together people living with HIV and health care workers from across the region to meet, discuss and share their experiences working with and living with HIV. It provided a platform for open dialogue for both groups, enhancing HIV and antiretroviral therapy literacy, and self-empowerment, while aiming to catalyse coordination across HIV care, treatment and prevention programmes in the Pacific islands.
Keywords: HIV, ART, treatment, prevention
The 2016 Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on Antimicrobial Resistance represented a landmark in the world’s commitment to tackling antimicrobial resistance, calling for greater urgency and action in response to its many challenges. In the political declaration, Member States requested the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to convene an ad hoc interagency coordination group (IACG) co-chaired by the Executive Office of the Secretary-General and the Director-General of WHO to provide practical guidance for approaches needed to ensure sustained, effective global action to address antimicrobial resistance. It also requested the Secretary-General to submit a report for consideration by Member States by the seventy-third session of the General Assembly in 2019 on the implementation of the political declaration and on further developments and recommendations emanating from the IACG, including on options to improve coordination, considering the 2015 Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance.
The DOH Administrative Order No. 2017-0019 or the Policies and Guidelines in the Conduct of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Testing Services (HTS) in Health Facilities defines HIV Treatment hubs as a hospital with an organized HIV and AIDS Core Team (HACT) that facilitates in-patient and out-patient prevention, treatment, care and support services to PLHIV including but not limited to antiretroviral therapy, HIV testing services, clinical management, patient monitoring, and other care and support services.
Antiretroviral treatment (ART) optimization is a key pillar in the AIDS Free agenda to reach the goal of ensuring 95% of all infants and children have access to lifesaving treatment.
This policy brief outlines key considerations to facilitate effective transition to more clinically appropriate regimens as optimal ARV medicines and dosage forms become available.
Keywords: HIV, ARV, paediatric, treatment, children
Strong global commitment to end AIDS has driven huge progress. In 2017, around 75% of people living with HIV globally knew their HIV status and 59% of all people living with HIV were accessing treatment.
However, new HIV infections are not declining fast enough and too many people are still dying from AIDS-related illnesses despite the availability of high-quality and effective treatment. And with 36.9 million men, women and children living with HIV around the world, there are more people than ever before living with HIV. A quarter don’t even know that they have the virus.
There is a belief that innovation of new antibiotics will out-pace the development and spread of resistant bacteria. However, without rapidly addressing the way antibiotics are currently over- and mis-used, there is no chance of winning this race. Novel antibiotics will continue to play an important role, but they will not be enough. Antibiotics must be seen as a non-renewable resource. And just like in climate change, if this natural resource is exhausted, there will be nothing left for future generations. Managing antibiotic resistance relies on limiting use of antibiotics, discovery of new antibiotics or alternative ways to treat infectious diseases, but also on preventing infections and limiting spread of resistance. There are no quick fixes – antibiotic resistance is a systems failure and thus all sectors need to contribute to a change and jointly securing that antibiotics remain effective.
This report focuses on the Sustainable Development Goals related to poverty, economic growth, inequality, health, food production and the environment.
Every child and adolescent living with HIV should have access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). The AIDS Free component of the framework has the specific goal of ensuring 95% of all children and adolescents living with HIV have access to lifelong ART by the end of 2018. These efforts will need to be sustained until 2020, when it is estimated that treating 95% of all children and adolescents living with HIV will require providing ART to 1.4 million children (aged 0-14). and 1 million adolescents (aged 15-19).
The decision to take an HIV self-test is yours and yours alone. No one else should force you to take an HIV test, either an HIV self-test or any other type of HIV test.
Sex workers experienced stock-outs of antiretroviral drugs for HIV in more than half of the countries that responded to the consultation, in all types of health care settings. Sex workers experience forced treatment interruptions and involuntary medication changes due to stock-outs, and are forced to travel long distances to access commodities and treatments due to stock-outs in their local areas. This ultimately leads to a lack of trust in health services and systems.