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The prevalence of HIV among sex workers is 12 times greater than in the general population, but less than 1 percent of global funding for HIV is directed toward HIV and sex work. Although some HIV prevention efforts with sex workers have succeeded, many critical programming gaps remain. This brief aims to inform program implementers and policymakers on the key issues faced by sex workers, what has worked in HIV prevention efforts with sex workers, and actions that can be taken to better meet the needs of sex workers in the future.
The regional report of this multi-country study contains findings and recommendations to address violence experienced by sex workers in Asia. Sex workers experience extreme physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence at work, in health care and custodial settings, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes. This violence denies sex workers their fundamental human rights — to equal protection under the law; protection against torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment; and their right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. Research is increasingly demonstrating how violence contributes to the spread of HIV. In Asia, the HIV epidemic remains concentrated among key populations, including sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men and transgender people. Realizing the human rights of female, male and transgender sex workers requires an understanding of the intersecting factors that affect their safety and their protection from violence.
Keywords: HIV, sex work, treatment, PWID, MSM, transgender people, human rights
This report chronicles the award-winning research process behind The Right(s) Evidence: Sex Work, Violence and HIV in Asia - A Multi-Country Qualitative Study. It documents lessons learned through the implementation of a rights-based approach, including the training and employment of sex worker peer researchers and the strategic use of research design to promote evidence to action in sensitive political environments. Details of the study design and interviews with contributors make this a practical guide for those planning or seeking to promote community-centered research for change.
Bangladesh has been providing HIV prevention services for males having sex with males (MSM), male sex worker (MSW) and hijra for more than a decade. In parallel to providing HIV prevention services, Bangladesh has been collecting risk behaviour and HIV prevalence data on these population groups through a national surveillance system which was set up by the Government of Bangladesh in 1998. The surveillance system has been crucial in providing key information that has helped Bangladesh to monitor changes in risk behaviours and infection prevalence over time, the data has been the backbone against which the national HIV strategic plans have been developed and global reports have been prepared. These data also enable measuring the effect of the on-going large scale HIV prevention programs for MSM, MSW and hijra.
According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
Slide presentation on gender-based violence prepared by AIDS Data Hub team
Keywords: FSW, MSW, Transgender, pregnant women, intimate partner
Regional Posters prepared by
Keywords: Ending AIDS, 2030, 90-90-90, treatment, men who have sex with men (MSM), Sex work, people who inject drugs (PWID)
This research is the first large scale quantitative research on sex workers in Fiji. It has enabled an understanding of the nature and extent of sex work in Fiji, rates of HIV and STI infection among sex workers and their knowledge and behaviour around safer sex practices. This research will complement valuable insights gained from previous qualitative research. The findings from this research will assist in the appropriate targeting and provision of education, resources and health care services to a group previously defined by UNAIDS as a most-at-risk population. Research findings will also assist UNAIDS Pacific Office and the Ministry of Health meet both national and international reporting requirements, including reporting on the Global AIDS Response Progress Report (GARPR) and Universal Access to HIV and STI Prevention, Treatment and Care. They also provide an evidence-base to inform SAN Fiji’s three year work programme.
Keywords: IBBS, condom use, knowledge, intimate partners, clients
This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.
Keywords: Myanmar, Legal, PLHIV, Sex workers, MSM, Transgender, Women, Girls, Children, Young people, Key populations
The Pacific Sexual Health and Well-Being Shared Agenda 2015–2019 (the Shared Agenda) is a visionary document that provides guidance and strategic direction to strengthen the sexual health response in the Pacific region by shifting the focus from a single disease to a rights-based comprehensive approach to sexual health.
Keywords: HIV, Pacific, STI, civil society, violence, young people, LGBT, MSM, sex workers, PLHIV, women